An Educational Intervention to Increase Human Papillomavirus Awareness and Intent to Vaccinate
Repository Posting Date2017-12-14T19:59:32Z
Author DetailsDe Andra McDuffie, DNP, MSN, NP-C, WHNP-BC
Lead Author Sigma AffliationNon-member
Level of EvidenceN/A
Purpose: The purpose of this health improvement project was to develop and evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on knowledge of HPV/HPV vaccine and intent to vaccinate or recommend HPV vaccination in African American women in a clinical setting. The Health Belief Model provided the theoretical framework.
Summary: Thirty eligible participants—AA women between 18-70 years—were recruited and completed the project. Educational tools (patient handout and four-minute video) were created using evidence based approaches gathered from the literature review. The educational tools were created with an integrated pre/post-education quiz. Eligible participants were recruited from the patient waiting area. Informed consent was obtained, and participants completed the pre-education quiz. Upon completion of the patient handout and educational video, participants concluded the study with the post-education quiz.
Outcomes: Statistical analysis revealed a HPV knowledgeable population, however where knowledge deficits existed, the educational intervention improved knowledge. Among the target population (18-26 years), a significant increase in intent to vaccinate after the educational intervention transpired. Statistical significance expressed an increase to recommending the vaccine after an educational intervention.
Implications: Low national HPV vaccine rates and wider racial gaps of deaths from cervical cancer demonstrate a need for educational interventions among the African American community to increase knowledge and acceptability. This project is important to women’s health by demonstrating that improved knowledge in the clinical setting will increase intent to vaccinate among AA women. This leads to a positive impact on HPV-related disparities and such educational interventions should be considered in clinical practice to aid in narrowing racial gaps among AAs and improving HPV-related healthcare outcomes.