Exploring Determinants of Registered Nurses' Trust in their Managers
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A nurse-manager relationship plays a key role in a nurse’s practice environment. A nurse’s trust in one’s manager is the foundation for a supportive nurse-manager relationship and has crucial bearing upon the professional and personal lives of the nurse. However due to health care restructuring, nurses expressed little trust towards their leaders. To develop and implement strategies to help build healthy nurse-manager relationships, research is needed to more fully understand the factors that establish and enhance a nurse’s trust in one’s manager.
This study tested a theoretical model that examined potential individual, managerial, relational and environmental attributes that impact a nurse’s degree of managerial trust. Employing a cross-sectional, descriptive design, a self-administered survey was completed by a random sample of 342 Registered Nurses employed in Ontario emergency departments. Structural equation modeling techniques tested and refined the hypothesized model. Final analysis showed adequate fit of data to theoretical model (χ 2 = 78.86, df = 20, SRMR = .02, CFI = .98, RMSEA = .09). In the final model, a manager’s perceived ability, benevolence, integrity and procedural justice had a strong, direct impact on managerial trust. Trust in one’s manager was indirectly influenced by procedural justice and ability as well as a manager’s facilitation of team work, communication accuracy, emotional availability and interaction frequency. Attributes of the individual RN, specifically job tenure and propensity to trust as well as self-determination, access to support and resources and span of control did not affect trust in one’s manager. Study findings suggest that creation and preservation of a nurse’s managerial trust is a complex process affected by manager’s competence and character as well as a fair decision-making process. Education programs that contribute to a manager’s ability, benevolence, integrity and procedural justice may help build and sustain nurses’ trust and healthy nurse-manager relationships.
|Review Type||None: Degree-based Submission|
|Evidence Level||Cross-Sectional Study|
|Research Approach||Pilot/Exploratory Study|
Healthy Work Environments
|CINAHL Subject(s)||Interprofessional Relations;
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