The effect of a school nurse led education intervention on blood pressure and physical activity levels in adolescents
Nancyruth Leibold, EdD
- Sigma Affiliation
- Omega Omicron
- Contributor Affiliation(s)
- Southwest Minnesota State University, Marshall, Minnesota, USA
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Regular physical activity (PA) is a necessary health promotion behavior for adolescents. Benefits of regular physical activity are optimal body weight, lowering blood pressure (BP), and decreasing risk factors for chronic illnesses. Yet declining physical activity levels and increasing sedentary behaviors along with the rising prevalence of overweight and obesity, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension exists in teenagers. The purpose of this quantitative research was to study the effects of a School Nurse led teaching intervention to promote physical activity as a healthy behavior on blood pressures and physical activity levels in adolescents. Youth empowerment was the theoretical framework for the study and a peer leader was incorporated. A true experimental design used repeated measures with the same intervention for a total of 4 measures (two before intervention and two after intervention) was implemented. The intervention group received a School Nurse led education session on the healthy benefits of PA. The measures were blood pressure, pulse, body mass index, and physical activity levels. A significant drop in systolic blood pressure was found in the intervention group after education. A negative relationship was found between both systolic blood pressure (SBP) and physical activity levels and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and physical activity levels. Mean physical activity levels increased in the intervention group post education. Possible implications for School Nurse practice include further study, continued use of School Nurse led education programs with teens and dissemination of the findings to other School Nurses.
This dissertation has also been disseminated through the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. Dissertation/thesis number: 3356278; ProQuest document ID: 305095359. The author still retains copyright.
This item has not gone through this repository's peer-review process, but has been accepted by the indicated university or college in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the specified degree.
|Review Type||None: Degree-based Submission|
|Evidence Level||Randomized Controlled Trial|
|Research Approach||Quantitative Research|
|CINAHL Subject(s)||Blood Pressure Determination;
Blood Pressure Determination--In Adolescence;
Physical Activity--In Adolescence;
School Health Nursing
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