Work-life balance of doctoral nursing program faculty and implications for nursing education
Suzanne C. Smeltzer, RN, ANEF, FAAN; Mary Ann Cantrell, RN, ANEF, FAAN; Nancy C. Sharts-Hopko, RN, FAAN; Mary Ann Heverly, BA
- Sigma Affiliation
- Alpha Nu
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- Villanova University, Villanova, Pennsylvania, USA
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Session presented on Saturday, March 18, 2017: Purpose and Significance: Work-life balance (WLB) contributes to a healthy work environment and is an issue that may affect job performance, job satisfaction and one's intent to remain in a position. WLB is defined as one's ability to achieve and maintain a 'balance' between work and life outside work. Data describing work-life balance of PhD and DNP program faculty were collected through administration of a work-life balance measure as part of a larger survey, and an open-ended question about their experiences. Strategies that doctoral program faculty use to achieve work-life balance were also identified. Methods: Data were collected from a random sample of 554 doctoral program faculty who completed an on-line researcher-developed survey. Doctoral program nursing faculty were asked about their work-life balance via a 15-item Work/Life Balance Self-Assessment scale that asked about the frequency with which they performed specific behaviors during the past three months using a 7-point time-related scale. They were also asked to identify strategies they use to achieve work-life balance. An open-ended item on the survey asked respondents to provide any additional comments they had related to the issues addressed in the overall survey. Analysis: Quantitative data were analyzed using frequencies, analysis of variance, and hierarchical regression. Responses to the open-ended question were analyzed using conventional content analysis (Hsieh & Shannon, 2005). Results: Analysis of quantitative data indicated that current faculty position, number of hours spent weekly teaching, availability of research or teaching assistants, and the presence of an MSN program option explained 7.3% of the variance in work-life balance. After controlling for these characteristics, sacrificing time for self to fulfill work responsibilities, the perception that family responsibilities are incompatible with work role, a sense their work with doctoral students was exhausting, belief that their workload is detrimental to health and well-being, and experiencing fulfillment in performing the work role together predicted an additional 56.5% of the variance in work-life balance. Results of data from the open-ended question from the 137 respondents who provided substantive responses included comments that addressed work-life balance. These included the effect of aging and retirement of senior faculty members on doctoral program faculty workloads, lack of workload credit for dissertation or capstone work, the invisible nature of doctoral teaching, issues associated with the tenure track, inadequate time for research and scholarship, the shortage of faculty in the academic unit, and the burden of administrative responsibilities. Conclusions: The results of analysis of quantitative and qualitative data are consistent with findings of the authors' previous focus group study of DNP and PhD faculty. Although several factors associated with work-life balance are a function of faculty members' age, faculty rank, and time in their faculty role, other factors can be modified to improve faculty members' work-life balance. With the wave in retirements anticipated, strategies to do so may be important in retaining experienced faculty to teach and mentor future doctoral students. Learning Objectives: At the completion of this presentation conference participants will be able to describe the work-life balance of PhD- and DNP-program faculty who teach and mentor doctoral students. At the completion of this presentation conference participants will be able to identify strategies used by PhD- and DNP-program faculty to maintain a work-life balance that is acceptable to them.
Creating Healthy Work Environments 2017: Best Practices in Clinical and Academic Settings. Held at the JW Marriott, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Items submitted to a conference/event were evaluated/peer-reviewed at the time of abstract submission to the event. No other peer-review was provided prior to submission to the Henderson Repository, unless otherwise noted.
|Review Type||Abstract Review Only: Reviewed by Event Host|
|Name||Creating Healthy Work Environments 2017|
|Host||Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing|
|Location||Indianapolis, Indiana, USA|
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Perceptions regarding the effect of doctoral teaching on faculty ability to maintain a program of scholarship Sharts-Hopko, Nancy C.; Wise, Nancy J.; Smeltzer, Suzanne C.; Cantrell, Mary Ann; Heverly, Mary Ann; Jenkinson, Amanda (2013-05-13)Session presented on Saturday, April 13, 2013: Purpose: The purpose of this qualitative study was to identify perceptions among faculty members teaching in DNP and PhD programs about the effects of their involvement in ...
The effect of teaching and mentoring doctoral students on their work-life balance Smeltzer, Suzanne C. (2016-03-21)Session presented on Monday, November 9, 2015: Purpose and Significance: Work-life balance (WLB), which refers to one's ability to achieve and maintain a 'balance' or equilibrium between one's paid work and life outside ...
A profile of U.S. nursing faculty in research-and practice-focused doctoral education Sharts-Hopko, Nancy C. (2016-03-21)Session presented on Monday, November 9, 2015: Purpose and Significance: Growth in DNP programs has outpaced growth in PhD programs, and DNP graduates have moved into doctoral education in greater numbers than PhD graduates. ...
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Preparing for program changes: Fostering faculty and staff leadership development using a business case model Embree, Jennifer L.; Sharts-Hopko, Nancy C.; Nibert, Ainslie (2016-03-21)Session presented on Saturday, November 7, 2015 and Sunday, November 8, 2015: Nurses represent the largest human resource across the continuum of care. Developing nurses who can lead health care is critical. The Nurse ...