Pregnancy and Alcohol: The Need for Alcohol-Screening and Brief Intervention in Women of Childbearing Age
Review TypeAbstract Review Only: Reviewed by Event Host
Repository Posting Date2016-09-16T14:22:57Z
Author(s)Kameg, Brayden N.; Mitchell, Ann M.; Kane, Irene; Puskar, Kathryn; Hagle, Holly; Lindsay, Dawn
Author DetailsBrayden N. Kameg, RN; Ann M. Mitchell, RN, FAAN; Irene Kane, RN, CNAA, HFI; Kathryn Puskar, FAAN; Holly Hagle; Dawn Lindsay
Lead Author Sigma AffliationNon-member
Session presented on Sunday, September 18, 2016: Background: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) consists of a wide variety of physical, behavioral, and cognitive dysfunctions resulting from prenatal alcohol exposure. Developmental and cognitive defects affect approximately 3 in every 1,000 live births; this not only creates turmoil for individuals and families involved, but also results in an economic burden to the U.S., evidenced by the fact that FASD-related healthcare costs are approximately $5.4 billion annually. Because prenatal alcohol consumption is the leading preventable cause of birth defects and disabilities, it is crucial that nurses who frequently encounter women of childbearing age are adequately educated on the evidence-based practice of alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention (alcohol-SBI.) Methods/Results: The University of Pittsburgh, University of Alaska Anchorage, and University of California San Diego collaborated with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in order to promote the utilization of evidence-based strategies, specifically alcohol-SBI, amongst nurses who encounter women of childbearing age. A literature search was conducted in order to evaluate current resources, identify gaps and opportunities, and develop strategies in order to prepare nurses to be able to effectively address alcohol use in women of childbearing age. 92 journal articles met inclusion criteria and summarized nursing knowledge and attitudes; barriers for addressing alcohol misuse; intervention effectiveness; and practice implications. To summarize, the current literature highlights the need for alcohol-SBI training specifically geared toward women of childbearing age. In order to address this gap in current practice, this workgroup plans to encourage the adoption of practice guidelines, provide training materials regarding alcohol-SBI, develop patient education materials, and work with national nursing organizations in order to expand position statements regarding alcohol-SBI and FASD. Conclusions: In order to reduce the individual and economic burden associated with FASD, it is imperative that information/education and training materials are disseminated to nurses who frequently encounter women of childbearing age. Nurses should be comfortable utilizing alcohol-SBI in order to provide care for this population, thereby identifying at-risk women and subsequently providing appropriate intervention in order to minimize the risk of FASD, a disorder that is 100% preventable.
DescriptionLeadership Connection 2016 Theme: Personal. Professional. Global. Held at the Marriott Downtown, Indianapolis.
Conference NameLeadership Connection 2016
Conference HostSigma Theta Tau International
Conference LocationIndianapolis, Indiana, USA
Date of Publication2016-09-26
NotesItems submitted to a conference/event were evaluated/peer-reviewed at the time of abstract submission to the event. No other peer-review was provided prior to submission to the Henderson Repository.
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