Obesity in America
Ihsane Boualaoui, BSN, RN
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During recent years, tremendous efforts have been made to combat the issue of obesity. Health care professionals warned of the danger of obesity and its negative effects on the individuals’ health. Policy makers sensed the heaviness of the issue and its impact on the economy. Government, medical experts, researchers, health care team members and even individuals implemented many strategies to address this matter. Yet, statistics reflected a constant increase in obesity trends throughout the country. Sharpe (2013) reported an increase in adult obesity rate to 27.2% in 2013 compared to 26.2% in 2012, which claimed surpassing “all annual average obesity rates since… 2008”. It is indisputable that there is a strong relationship between obesity and a number of diseases including type II diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension and much more (Smeltzer et al., 2010). Now that said, the question that imposes itself is that why the previous steps taken by all Americans, whether on the institutional or individual level, were relatively unsuccessful in decreasing the obesity rate or at least keep it steady? If awareness campaigns in health care facilities, public transportation and schools were relatively inefficient in lowering the rate of obesity for the past years, what else could be done to alleviate the acuity of the problem? Is the problem directly related to individuals, health or education institutions, the whole society or a combination of all? As health care professional, patients’ advocates and educators, what is our role as nurses to bring some positive changes to this matter? To what extent, can we positively influence our patients to become fit or even prevent them from falling in the obesity trap? This paper will explore the aforementioned questions and suggest possible interventions that nurses might consider in order to contribute to the alleviation of the issue and its impact on economy, health care system and individuals.
|Review Type||Peer-review: Single Blind|
|Evidence Level||Literature Review|
|Keywords||Obesity in America;
|CINAHL Subject(s)||Obesity--Epidemiology--United States|
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