Assessment of Risk for Osteoporosis
Ms. Raymol Abraham, Lecturer, Fortis Institute of Nursing; Ms. Rita Lakhani, Vice Principal, Fortis Institute of Nursing, M.G.L. Road, Industrial Area, Bhandup West, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
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Osteoporosis is a major global public health problem associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and socioeconomic burden. Osteoporosis is a silent disease, reflected only in a low bone density, till a fracture occurs. Much in the manner that asymptomatic conditions such as hypertension and dyslipidaemia predispose to stroke and myocardial infarction, respectively, a low bone density predisposes to osteoporotic fractures. With increasing longevity of the Indian population, it is now being realized that, as in the West, osteoporotic fractures are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly. The total affected population would, therefore, be around 25 million. If the lower bone density is shown to confer a greater risk of fracture, as is expected, the figure can increase to 50 million. Osteoporosis has become a formidable public health problem in India and a multidisciplinary approach is needed to identify its aetiological factors and devise strategies for mass prevention. On 17th of October 2014 the student body of Fortis Institute of Nursing put up an exhibition on “Osteoporosis” in the OPD of Fortis Hospital, Mulund.
Osteoporosis can be prevented and treated if diagnosed early and accurately. Unfortunately, as said, it is often undiagnosed until a fracture occurs. Measuring bone mineral density (BMD) is the most important tool in the diagnosis of osteoporosis. Therefore, the number of people who must be screened for this disease must begin at an earlier age, though WHO proposes at 50 years of age with no risk factors. The main objective of the exhibition was to educate the visitors on various aspects of Osteoporosis, its early diagnosis, prevention aspects so as to be able to prevent osteoporotic fractures. The exhibition also provided a free assessment of osteoporosis using the FRAX scale and BMD test for the visitors.
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