Breathing Techniques Associated With Improved Health Outcomes
Review TypePeer-review: Single Blind
Repository Posting Date2015-06-29T18:55:36Z
Author DetailsKathleen Benjamin Rickard, DNP, APRN, FNP-C, www.healgracefully.com; Dorothy J. Dunn, PhD, RNP, FNP-BC, AHN-BC; Virginia M. Brouch, EdD
Lead Author Sigma AffliationLambda Omicron
Level of EvidenceLiterature Review
Research ApproachTranslational Research/Evidence-based Practice
CINAHL HeadingsBreathing Exercises
MeSH HeadingsPatient Outcome Assessment
Purpose: To determine if there is evidence to support teaching purposeful breathing techniques to patients for the improvement of health outcomes. Method: A comprehensive search of literature between 2009 and the present provided 6410 articles of possible interest. A total of 26 met the criteria for inclusion in this review. Two tables were prepared to provide a condensed summary of the significant results. Findings: Evidence in the literature supports trained breathing techniques to improve health care outcomes for a variety of issues including anxiety, diabetes, autonomic nervous system disorders, gastro-esophageal reflux (GERD), hypertension, immune function, oxidative stress and pain. Conclusions: Teaching breathing techniques provides a simple solution for improving patient health outcomes in a cost effective way in primary care settings. Recommendations: Among the forms of breathing techniques studied, teaching diaphragmatic, deep abdominal breathing or specific nostril breathing techniques may be the easiest to teach effectively in a fast paced family practice setting. Other techniques could be provided by developing a simple pamphlet, through a variety of informatics, or formal classroom types of training sessions. Key words: breath, breath work, breathing exercises, "breath* technique*" and health*, diaphragmatic, yoga, pranayama, autonomic nervous system, GERD, hypertension, anxiety, diabetes, pain, immunity, oxidative stress.
DescriptionThe review of research studies pertaining to purposeful breathing techniques as specifically related to improvement in physical health outcomes
Date of Publication6/29/2015
Citation of Original PublicationRickard, K. B., Dunn, D. J., & Brouch, V. M. (2015, June 29). Breathing techniques associated with improved health outcomes. Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository. Retrieved from http://www.nursinglibrary.org/vhl/handle/10755/558648
NotesThis work has been approved through a peer-review process prior to its posting in the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository.
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