Intervention for African American Adults with type 2 diabetes
Review TypeNone: Degree-based Submission
Repository Posting Date2015-06-04T17:10:56Z
Author DetailsAnnette Caple, DNP, MSN, FNP-BC, CDE 901 3512766
TypeDNP Capstone Project
Level of EvidenceCohort Study
Research ApproachTranslational Research/Evidence-based Practice
The purpose of this project was to examine outcomes in African American adult patients with type 2 diabetes who received education and diet and exercise services compared to those who did not. Type 2 diabetes accounts for 90-95% of all diabetes cases, and is more prevalent among African Americans. Diabetes is the fifth leading cause of death in the African American community.
The project was a prospective cohort design. A population of 30 African American patients with type 2 diabetes, between the ages of 20-40, was identified in a physician’s office through a review of administrative and laboratory data from the Managed Care database. Fifteen participants received education and diet and exercise services, while 15 participants did not. The intervention was two-fold with emphasis placed on pre- and post-diabetes education knowledge. Diabetes education curriculum was used in each of six sessions that included general diabetes self-care education, diet and exercise. Hemoglobin AIC (HA1C) value levels were measured at baseline and six months.
The participants in the intervention group were found to have better glycemic control than the participants in the non-intervention group. The post-education survey demonstrated greater diabetes self-care knowledge than the pre-education survey. Diabetes and diet and exercise education was associated with lower HA1C levels. Patients given diabetes self-care education and diet and exercise services were more likely to attain glycemic control (HA1C < 7.0%) than those who received no intervention.
Degree GrantorCapella University
Date of Publication2015-06-04
Citation of Original PublicationCaple, A. (2015, June). Intervention for African American adults with type 2 diabetes (Doctoral capstone project). Retrieved from http://www.nursinglibrary.org/vhl/handle/10755/556413
NotesThis work has been approved through a faculty review process prior to its posting in the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository.
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