Chronic Pain: Relationship to Depression
Repository Posting Date2014-05-01T18:54:09Z
Level of EvidenceOther
Research ApproachQuantitative Research
Keywordschronic pain; depression; demographics; depressive symptoms; outcomes; Chronic Pain; Depression
The experience of chronic pain often interferes with family and social life, work performance, and overall quality of life. Depression symptoms in people with chronic pain may synergistically effect pain perception, negatively influencing the response to pain management and rehabilitation. Providers often fail to recognize and treat depression in patients presenting for treatment of chronic pain, and this failure can negatively impact rehabilitation outcomes. Importantly, limited research exists within the physical medicine setting about the relationship between chronic pain, symptoms of depression, and other variables like age and gender. Therefore, the relationship between chronic pain and depression in patients treated in the physical medicine is unknown. A non-experimental retrospective chart review addresses the question: In a sample of males and females ≥18 years of age with chronic pain, receiving treatment in a community physical medicine clinic, are there any differences in response to pain management between those who report depression symptoms and those who do not, controlling for gender, age, and other theoretical variables? Results of this investigation may be used to educate and support providers on the importance of attending to symptoms of depression during the treatment of chronic pain.