The effects of a hardiness educational intervention on hardiness and perceived stress of baccalaureate nursing students.
Visits vs Downloads
Visitors - World Map
Top Visiting Countries
Top Visiting Cities
Visits (last 6 months)
Downloads (last 6 months)
Popular Works for Jameson, Paula R. by View
Popular Works for Jameson, Paula R. by Download
Despite the known benefits of hardiness education, no published research has been found on the effects of hardiness education with nursing students. Thus, the purposes of this study were first to determine if an increase in hardiness and a decrease in perceived stress in baccalaureate nursing students occurred in those who participated in a hardiness educational intervention. Secondly, to compare hardiness and perceived stress between baccalaureate nursing students who participated and those who did not participate in a hardiness educational intervention. A substruction of the application of Khoshaba and Maddi’s Hardiness Model and the Roy Adaptation Model provided the theoretical basis for this research.
The literature on stress verified its omnipresence and ongoing study. The nursing literature was replete with evidence of the stress of undergraduate nursing students. Appraisal of initial hardiness research facilitated the eventual establishment of a measurement instrument of hardiness and the inauguration of a hardiness educational program. Review of the Hardiness Model and the Roy Adaptation Model established connections and conceptual collaboration.
A quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group design with pretest and posttest was used with a nonprobability convenience sample (N = 79) of full-time junior level baccalaureate nursing students enrolled in a clinical nursing course recruited from six National League for Nursing Accreditation Commission or Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education accredited nursing programs in Delaware and Pennsylvania.
Baccalaureate nursing students in the experimental group (n = 40) participated in a hardiness educational intervention. Baccalaureate nursing students in the control group (n = 39) did not participate in the hardiness educational intervention. The nursing students completed pretest and posttest measurements of hardiness (PVS III-R), perceived stress (PSS), and demographic data. Results of statistical analysis by independent and paired t-tests revealed that the hardiness educational intervention did not have a statistically significant (p > .05) effect on increasing hardiness scores. The hardiness educational intervention did have a statistically significant effect on decreasing perceived stress scores.
Findings were discussed relative to current literature and the theoretical framework. The lack of significant increase in hardiness was equivocal with Khoshaba and Maddi’s Hardiness Model. The significant decrease in perceived stress was congruent with the Hardiness Model and the Roy Adaptation Model. The substruction of the application of the HM and the RAM requires further research and evaluation. Further hardiness research among baccalaureate nursing students, utilizing the entire hardiness educational intervention, was recommended.
This work has been approved through a peer-review process prior to its posting in the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository.
|Review Type||Peer-review: Single Blind|
|Publisher||Elsevier Health Sciences|
|Citation||Jameson, P. R., (2013) The effects of a hardiness educational intervention on hardiness and perceived stress of junior baccalaureate nursing students. Nurse Education Today, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2013.06.019|
All rights reserved by the author(s) and/or publisher(s) listed in this item record unless relinquished in whole or part by a rights notation or a Creative Commons License present in this item record.
All permission requests should be directed accordingly and not to the Sigma Repository.
All submitting authors or publishers have affirmed that when using material in their work where they do not own copyright, they have obtained permission of the copyright holder prior to submission and the rights holder has been acknowledged as necessary.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subjects.
The impact of stress, coping, constructive thinking and hardiness on health and academic performance of female registered nurse students pursuing a baccalaureate degree in nursing Cox, Diane D.The purpose of this study was to test a theoretically-derived model of hardiness, constructive thinking, coping complexity and perceived stress level in predicting academic performance and perceived health status among ...
The effects of a same gender and same race coaching intervention on the resilience of Black baccalaureate nursing students Bien-Aimé, SagineReports from the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) and National Academy of Medicine (NAM) state that it is important to increase the number of underrepresented racial minorities in the health professions. ...
Lifestyle Promoting Behaviors, Spiritual Perspective, and Perceived Stress Among Baccalaureate Nursing Students at a HBCU Garner, Juanita A.Implications for stress management techniques incorporated throughout the nursing curriculum as students matriculate throughout nursing programs, yielding the potential to play an important role in maintaining or improving ...
Perceptions of instructor caring behaviors, self-esteem, and perceived clinical competence: A model of the attitudinal component of professional nurse autonomy in female baccalaureate nursing students Wade, Gail H.This model testing correlational study was designed to specify a model of predictors of the attitudinal component of professional nurse autonomy and to test three carative factors embedded in Watson's Theory of Transpersonal ...
Growing a professional identity: A grounded theory of the educational experience of baccalaureate nursing students Goodolf, Dawn M.Nursing students experience high levels of stress while enrolled in baccalaureate nursing programs. Research has focused on the contributors of stress such as the responsibilities of patient care, the overwhelming amount ...