A narrative thematic analysis of baccalaureate nursing students' nurse-patient clinical reflections
Jessica L. Naber, RN, MSN, PhD; Joanne Hall, PhD, RN, FAAN; Craig Schadler
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- Gamma Chi
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- Murray State University, Murray, Kentucky, USA
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Session presented on: Wednesday, July 24, 2013: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify characteristics of critical thinking in nursing students' reflective writing assignments, which were guided by Richard Paul's model of critical thinking. The importance of critical thinking as an outcome for students graduating from undergraduate nursing programs is well-documented by both the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) and the National League for Nursing (NLN). Graduating nurses are expected to apply critical thinking in all practice situations to improve patient health outcomes. Methods: In a previous study, Paul's model of critical thinking was used as a basis to develop questions for reflective writing assignments. Within this study, students completed six open-ended nursing students' narratives of nurse-patient clinical encounters during an eight-week clinical experience. Following completion of those assignments, improvements were seen in critical thinking scores. This is a report of the qualitative analysis of the content of student responses during the intervention. A narrative analysis approach was used. Researchers open-coded for content and three members of the research team performed repetitive readings of the narratives to enhance rigor. In addition, an audit trail was kept to strengthen the rigor of the study. Results: From these processes, narrative themes were derived. Each of the themes was defined and exemplars from the data were used to support the credibility of the findings. Sample themes include "Managing Multiple Data Sources", "Recognizing Patterns", and "Correcting Preconceptions". Conclusion: Identified themes provided information to nursing faculty members so that they could better understand students' critical thinking abilities and skills. Faculty members' understanding of the characteristics of critical thinking in the context of clinical education will help them be more prepared to teach students to be critical thinkers. The study provides a view of how critical thinking develops in the stories students construct about their clinical experiences.
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
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|Review Type||Abstract Review Only: Reviewed by Event Host|
|Keywords||Narrative Thematic Analysis;
|Name||24th International Nursing Research Congress|
|Host||Sigma Theta Tau International|
|Location||Prague, Czech Republic|
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