Stigma in sickle cell disease scale development: A pilot study in adults and family/caregivers in the U.S. and Nigeria
Linda D. Wagner, EdD, MSN, RN; Robin Leger, RN, BSN, MS, PhD, CCRP; Victoria Odesina, DNP, APRN, CCRP, PHCNS-BC
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Session presented on: Thursday, July 25, 2013:
Purpose: Individuals with chronic genetic conditions experience personal and family stigma throughout their lives. Stigma associated with genetically inherited conditions is noted to negatively impact health-related quality of life and community participation. Stigma in sickle cell disease (SCD) was appraised via pilot study for instrument development, testing for face validity and preliminary psychometrics.
Methods: Community Based Participatory Research methods were used to select 42 participants for survey and feedback. The authors adapted the likert type stigma scale from the epilepsy literature, developing two surveys, one for the individual and one for caregiver/family member.
Results: Participants suggested minor editing. A Chronbach's alpha reliability coefficient to evaluate internal consistency of the 40 item Stigma in SCD Scalewas determined: alpha = 0.858. A possible total score is 120. The mean = 40.6, SD = 20.9 range = 4-86. Nigerians report higher stigma (r = .60, p < .01). Correlations on the main variables and item analyses were conducted. Adults from both countries 'fear that their significant others will reject them' (r = .44, p < .01) and those from the US note that 'service providers do not believe that people with SCD have disabilities' (r = .57, p < .01). A factor analysis with scree plot indicated that the scale was multidimensional with 4 interpretable factors: 1) societal impact regarding the disease and isolation; 2) personal feelings of shame, rejection, and/or guilt; 3) treatment when in pain and concerns for the future; and 4) sense of burden and needing assistance.
Conclusion: The pilot demonstrated the tool was useful for the target populations. This pilot study begins to describe and highlight the challenges that adults living with SCD and their caregivers face in their communities, from health care providers and system of care, employment and/or in dealing with psychosocial issues of chronic illness.
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.
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|Review Type||Abstract Review Only: Reviewed by Event Host|
|Keywords||Sickle Cell Disease;
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