Preoperative opioid education
Hunter Tinnell, BSN
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Opioids are powerful analgesics, typically reserved for severe pain, such as intraoperative and postoperative pain. They are a valuable asset in pain control but have significant risk for addiction and abuse. Most patients are not educated on the risks, benefits, and alternatives to opioids and the majority of patients report never having a discussion regarding opioids with any healthcare provider prior to surgery. Often, patients are initially introduced to opioids for surgical and postoperative pain control. Unfortunately, this can lead to opioid abuse and addiction.
A 55-year-old female with right hip pain presented for a total hip arthroplasty. Risks and benefits of anesthesia for informed consent were addressed as usual, but no focused conversation related to postoperative pain control occurred. The patient received opioids intraoperatively as well as a prescription for opioids postoperatively. There was no discussion of the risks and benefits of opioids for pain control, including the risk for addiction and abuse.
Could preoperative education on the postoperative use of opioids decrease the risk of addiction postoperatively in surgical patients?
|Type||DNP Capstone Project|
|Review Type||None: Degree-based Submission|
|Evidence Level||Case Study/Series|
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