Food insecurity screening among hospitalized older adults with cardiovascular disease
Claire Montoya, DNP-FNP student
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- Theta Tau
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Objective: To implement a food insecurity (FI) screening process using the HVSTM for adults age 60 and older on an inpatient cardiac unit. The intent was to better understand the prevalence of FI, to evaluate current nutrition resource use, and to assess for any significant relationship between resource use and FI screening result among this specific patient population.
Methods: Screenings were administered by registered nurses on the cardiac unit to any adult age 60 or older admitted to the unit. Screening forms consisted of the two-item HVSTM and a third question screening for use of nutrition resources (SNAP, MOW, and/or Food Pantry). Positive screens were provided a list of local resources for nutrition assistance.
Results: a total of 41 screenings were completed. 4 of the 41 screenings were positive for food insecurity. Only one of the 4 utilized any nutrition resources. A total of 4 individuals (3 positive, 1 negative) utilized a nutrition resource.
Conclusion: Food insecurity prevalence may be higher among hospitalized older adults than the general population. Older adults are also less likely to use nutrition assistance resources for unknown reasons. Implementing routine screenings in an acute care setting could improve identification and subsequent intervention in food insecure older adults.
|Type||DNP Capstone Project|
|Review Type||None: Degree-based Submission|
|Evidence Level||Quality Improvement|
|Research Approach||Translational Research/Evidence-based Practice|
Hunger Vital Sign;
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