The lived experience of parents of children with special healthcare needs on public and private insurance: A phenomenological study
Regine P. Reaves, PhD, MSN, MPH, RN
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Due to recent advances in medical technology, the number of children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN) is steadily growing in the United States. CSHCN comprise more than 40% of overall healthcare costs nationwide, even though this group is only comprised of 16% of the U.S. child population. There are significant differences between private and public health plans in terms of cost, adequacy, and parent satisfaction. As an added benefit, some public and private health insurance plans offer nursing care coordination (or nursing case management) services. The purpose of this study was to understand the experiences of parents of CSHCN enrolled in public and private insurance with or without a nurse care coordinator assigned. A phenomenological approach was used. One-to-one semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 participants. Colaizzi’s (1978) eight steps of data analysis was the selected methodological interpretation. Five themes emerged from this study: Struggle with Self-Preservation, Abandonment and Isolation, Self-Reliance and Advocate, Interdependence, and Lifeline. These study findings highlighted the major differences with parents navigating their child’s health insurance. These differences were dependent on the type of insurance and sources of support available. The experience of parents with a nurse care coordinator differed from parents without a nurse. Parents of CSHCN enrolled in public insurance with a nurse care coordinator considered the nurse to be a primary source of support. These nurses were instrumental in solving problems with the public health plan. On the contrary, parents with CSHCN enrolled in private insurance without a nurse care coordinator carried this additional burden. There were also noticeable differences in parents’ satisfaction with the adequacy and cost of their child’s health insurance. Parents of CSHCN enrolled in private insurance voiced dissatisfaction with higher costs associated with their child’s plan. Meanwhile, parents of CSHCN enrolled in Medicaid expressed that out-of-pocket expenses were covered. Results from this study can be used to make policy changes by insurance companies. Incorporating nursing care coordination not only results in healthcare savings for the health plan but improved health outcomes for its members as well.
This dissertation has also been disseminated through the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. Dissertation/thesis number: 28154369; ProQuest document ID: 2470885334. The author still retains copyright.
This item has not gone through this repository's peer-review process, but has been accepted by the indicated university or college in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the specified degree.
|Review Type||None: Degree-based Submission|
|Research Approach||Qualitative Research|
Nurse Care Coordinators;
Special Healthcare Needs;
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