Effects of a reminiscence learning experience on registered nurses' attitudes toward and empathy with older adults
William J. Puentes, DNS, RN, PMH-CNS, CNL, FAAN
- Sigma Affiliation
Visits vs Downloads
Visitors - World Map
Top Visiting Countries
Top Visiting Cities
Visits (last 6 months)
Downloads (last 6 months)
Popular Works for Puentes, William J. by View
Popular Works for Puentes, William J. by Download
Negative attitudes toward older adults are endemic to the nursing profession, as well as society in general. With older adults accounting for an ever increasing proportion of health care services, it is imperative that nurse educators develop continuing education activities that have a positive impact on registered nurses' attitudes toward older adults. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of participation in a reminiscence learning experience (RLE) on registered nurses' attitudes toward and empathy with older adults.
The RLE consisted of a 1 hour continuing education program about incorporating reminiscence techniques into acute care nursing practice followed by a 3 week period of opportunity to apply reminiscence techniques in clinical practice. Using the work of Knowles (1980) as a conceptual framework, a posttest-only control group experimental design was developed to evaluate affective changes in a randomly assigned convenience sample of 98 registered nurses in an acute care setting. Instrumentation included Kogan's (1961) Attitudes Toward Old People Scale (KAOP), Hogan's (1969) Empathy Scale (HES), an investigator developed Demographic Data Form (DDF), and an investigator developed Compliance Self-Report Form (CSRF). Differences in the mean scores of the experimental and control groups on the KAOP and HES were evaluated using one-tailed t tests for independent samples. Registered nurses who participated in the RLE had significantly higher (p < .000) KAOP scores and significantly higher (p =.05) HES scores than the KAOP scores and HES scores of those who did not.
The interactions and differences in mean attitude and empathy scores were also evaluated based on subgroups of the independent variables group membership and demographic characteristics. No significant interactions were found. Group membership had a significant impact (p < .05) on differences in attitude scores. Hospital experience also had a significant (p < .05) effect on differences in attitude scores. Significant (p < .05) differences in empathy scores were affected by level of education.
There were no significant differences in attitude and empathy scores, according to one-tailed t tests for independent samples, based on whether or not a subject practiced reminiscence techniques during the 3 week independent practice component of the experimental intervention.
Implications of the results for nursing continuing education are discussed.
This dissertation has also been disseminated through the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. Dissertation/thesis number: 9620126; ProQuest document ID: 304285688. The author still retains copyright.
This item has not gone through this repository's peer-review process, but has been accepted by the indicated university or college in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the specified degree.
|Review Type||None: Degree-based Submission|
|Evidence Level||Experimental Study|
Nurses' Attitudes Toward Older Adults;
Reminiscence Learning Experience
All rights reserved by the author(s) and/or publisher(s) listed in this item record unless relinquished in whole or part by a rights notation or a Creative Commons License present in this item record.
All permission requests should be directed accordingly and not to the Sigma Repository.
All submitting authors or publishers have affirmed that when using material in their work where they do not own copyright, they have obtained permission of the copyright holder prior to submission and the rights holder has been acknowledged as necessary.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subjects.
Impact of the Geriatric Medication Game on Nursing Students Empathy and Attitudes toward Older Adults Yehle, Karen S.; Chen, Aleda M. H.; Kiersma, Mary E.; Plake, Kimberly S. (2012-9-12)Purpose: It is estimated that in 2050 nearly two billion people worldwide will be 60 years or older, and nurses must be well-prepared to improve and address their health-related needs. However, it may be difficult for ...
Simulated role-play to improve attitudes and empathy toward older adults in accelerated nursing students Galetz, Elizabeth AnnThis pre- and post-test intervention study aimed to: 1) examine the effectiveness of two educational modalities, a case study and simulated role-playing scenarios, on improving attitudes and empathy towards older adults; ...
Nurses' Attitudes towards Continuing Formal Education: A Comparison by Level of Education and Geography Altmann, Tanya K. (2012-01-04)(41st Biennial Convention) Quality of healthcare is a priority yet registered Nurses (RNs) are the least educated healthcare professional. The IOM report, The Future of Nursing, calls for more Baccalaureate prepared nurses ...
Exploring Registered Nurses' Attitudes Towards Post Graduate Education in Australia: A Pilot Study Ng, Linda C.; Kain, Victoria; Fox-Young, Stephanie; Tuckett, Anthony G.; Eley, Robert M. (2014-11-17)Session presented on Monday, July 28, 2014: Purpose: Nursing education is a dynamic process designed to enable nurses to competently meet the healthcare needs of society.' Health system restructuring has been associated ...
Transformational Learning Experiences of Perioperative Registered Nurses Who Have Completed a Perioperative Training Program Schild, Randolph William (2017-08-25)The purpose of this case study was to determine which activities factor intotransformational learning that may occur as a result of completing a perioperative preparation program for registered nurses. Through the process ...