Psychosocial factors and prevention of HIV/AIDS related risky sexual behaviors among college students
Yi-Hui Lee, PhD, MBA, RN, Professor, Wright State University, College of Nursing and Health, Dayton, OH 45435. U.S.A. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Ali Salman, PhD, DNP, RN, Professor, Brandon University, Faculty of Health Studies, Brandon, Manitoba R7A 6A9. Canada. Email: email@example.com
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- Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio, USA
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Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate HIV/AIDS preventive self-efficacy, depression, spiritual well-being, and risky sexual behaviors among college students in the United States, to examine the relationships between these variables, and to test whether HIV/AIDS preventive self-efficacy, depression, spiritual well-being significantly predict the college students’ risky sexual behaviors. Methods: This cross-sectional study used a convenience sampling method to recruit college students who were 18 to 24 years old and enrolled in undergraduate programs at a university in USA. Bandura’s social cognitive theory and the revised Pender’s health promotion model were used to guide this study. Several valid and reliable, self-administered, anonymous questionnaires were used to collect data for this study: The HIV/AIDS-Prevention Self-efficacy Scale, The Center for Epidemiological Studies–Depression Scale (CES-D) , Spirituality Index of Well-Being (SIWB), The Safe Sex Behavior Questionnaire (SSBQ), The HIV-KQ-18, and the Psychosocial Demographic Data Sheet. Findings: A total of 437 college students participated in this study. This study revealed that a higher score of spiritual well-being was significantly correlated with less depressive symptoms, higher HIV/AIDS preventive self-efficacy, and higher HIV knowledge. Participants who reported less depressive symptoms had higher HIV/AIDS preventive self-efficacy. HIV/AIDS preventive self-efficacy and having history of using drugs were significant predictors of college students’ risky sexual behaviors. Recommendations: Future interventions aim at preventing drug use as well as increasing HIV/AIDS preventive self-efficacy may aid on our efforts to prevent HIV/AIDS related risky sexual behaviors among college students.
The Sigma Theta Tau International grant application that funded this research, in whole or in part, was completed by the applicant and peer-reviewed prior to the award of the Sigma grant. No further peer-review has taken place upon the completion of the Sigma grant final report and its appearance in this repository.
Dr. Yi-Hui Lee is the recipient of a 2018-2019 Sigma Small Grant award: 2018-2019 Sigma Small Grant Recipients.
|Review Type||None: Sigma Grant Recipient Report|
|Research Approach||Quantitative Research|
Risky Sexual Behaviors;
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