The lived professional experiences and potential impact of Generation Z registered nurses
Sarah E. Abalos, PhD, MSN
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The profession of nursing is evolving as a result of the changes in the characteristics of practicing nurses. There are currently five generations of nurses in practice: Silent Generation, Baby Boomer, Generation X, Generation Y, and Generation Z. Each generation of nurses possess unique characteristics as a result of the time frame in which they were born and matured, and their differing worldviews are influencing how they view and practice nursing. Although there is a significant amount of research documenting how the different generations of nurses have influenced the profession, Generation Z has yet to be studied over time because of their recent entry into practice. The purpose of this study was to investigate the lived professional experiences of Generation Z Registered Nurses and determine their levels of job satisfaction, occupational commitment, and intent to stay in nursing to understand better what impact the group may have on the profession. Straus and Howe’s Generational Theory served as the theoretical underpinning for the study as it helps to explain why and how every generation develops distinctly different attributes. The study utilized a Husserlian Phenomenological approach that was guided by semi-structured interviews. The interview questions were developed to determine why Generation Z chose nursing as a profession, if they are satisfied with and committed to nursing, and if they intend to continue practicing nursing. The interviews were conducted using distance technology and included ten participants. The results of the study were analyzed using Colaizzi’s seven-step method and the final transcripts of the interviews were returned to the participants to further ensure the validity of the results. The results of the study indicate that Generation Z Registered Nurses felt a Calling to Healthcare, find satisfaction in providing patient care, and are dissatisfied with staffing levels and the lack of respect for the profession. Further, the study revealed that Generation Z Registered Nurses are committed to the profession and intend to continue practicing nursing for the duration of their careers. Additionally, the study yielded two unexpected themes: the participants are obtaining advanced nursing degrees because of a desire to leave bedside nursing and they generally do not respect older generations of nurses. The results of the study indicate that Generation Z Registered Nurses share many characteristics with other generations of nurses and possess many characteristics that are similar to Baby Boomer Nurses. However, Generation Z Registered Nurses are different from other generations of nurses because they are obtaining advanced degrees early in their practice and do not respect the knowledge and ability of older nurses. Further study is needed to explore the factors that are leading Generation Z Registered Nurses to pursue advanced degrees to leave bedside nursing and to determine strategies that may lead to increased retention of the group in traditional nursing roles. Although Generation Z is the largest generation since the Baby Boomers and are pursuing nursing as a profession, if interventions are not developed to retain them in the role of bedside nurse, the profession of nursing will be forced to find strategies to further mitigate the nursing shortage.
This dissertation has also been disseminated through the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. Dissertation/thesis number: 28542257; ProQuest document ID: 2572619048. The author still retains copyright.
This item has not gone through this repository's peer-review process, but has been accepted by the indicated university or college in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the specified degree.
|Review Type||None: Degree-based Submission|
|Research Approach||Qualitative Research|
Intent to Stay;
Generation Z Registered Nurses
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