The influence of caregivers’ gender attitudes on adolescents’ health and well-being in the Democratic Republic of Congo
Andrew G. Corley, PhD, MPH, RN
- Sigma Affiliation
- Nu Beta at-Large
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Introduction: Adolescence is a developmentally important phase in one’s life. However, restrictive gender attitudes that gain increased importance during adolescence prevent many from reaching their health and development potential. The objective of this study is to explore associations between caregiver gender attitudes and adolescent psychosocial health, educational attendance, and food security in a sample living in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, a region that has experienced persistent poverty and nearly thirty years of insecurity.
Methods: A mixed methods design was selected for this research. Quantitative results were combined with qualitative focus group discussion results to provide new insight into how caregiver gender attitudes might influence adolescent health and development.
Results: Findings from the research suggest that more gender equitable caregiver attitudes are associated with fewer reports of internalizing behavior and greater food security in adolescent girls. No significant associations were found between caregiver gender equality attitudes and adolescent prosocial behavior or school attendance.
Discussion: Focus group discussions supported some quantitative findings but refuted others. Participants suggested that adolescent girls with caregivers who endorse more equitable gender attitudes experiences less psychological control and witness less conflict and violence between caregivers in their home.
|Review Type||None: Sigma Grant Recipient Report|
|Research Approach||Mixed/Multi Method Research|
Democratic Republic of Congo
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