Meaning-in-life, depression and suicide in older adults: A comparative survey study
Review TypeNone: Degree-based Submission
Repository Posting Date2020-07-31T21:05:35Z
Author(s)Buchanan, Diane M.
Author DetailsDr. Diane M. Buchanan, RN, DNSc, GNC
Lead Author Sigma AffliationLambda Pi at-Large
Level of EvidenceOther
Research ApproachMixed/Multi Method Research
CINAHL HeadingsPsychological Well-Being; Spirituality; Hope; Health Status; Support, Psychosocial; Depression; Suicide; Life Purpose; Psychological Well-Being--Evaluation; Spirituality--Evaluation; Hope--Evaluation; Health Status--Evaluation; Support, Psychosocial--Evaluation; Depression--In Old Age; Suicide--Psychosocial Factors; Psychological Well-Being--Evaluation--In Old Age; Spirituality--Evaluation--In Old Age; Hope--Evaluation--In Old Age; Health Status--Evaluation--In Old Age; Support, Psychosocial--Evaluation--In Old Age; Suicide--Psychosocial Factors--In Old Age
This study compared meaning-in-life (MIL) and other related variables in two populations, those elderly who were and those who were not depressed. The model developed for this study assumed in older adults that spirituality, hope, health and social support variables are essential concepts within which MIL occurs. Furthermore, the absence of a clear MIL may contribute to the presence of depression, and depression is usually present in conjunction with thoughts of suicide. This study used a comparative survey design to examine relationships between spirituality, hope, health, social support, MIL, depression and suicide. The primary data collection method was quantitative, however, qualitative methods were used to enhance the quantitative data. The sample of 160 older adults included equal numbers of men and women who were depressed and not depressed. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, t-tests, correlations, analysis of variance, factor analysis, multiple regression and structural equation analysis. Study findings showed there were few differences within the demographic variables, based on gender or diagnosis. There were few significant differences when the selected variables were examined for gender. However, there were statistically significant differences for the individual variables based on diagnosis. Findings from the qualitative analysis supported quantitative findings. The findings supported all but one of the hypotheses: (1) higher levels of MIL were associated with higher levels of spirituality, hope, health and social support, (2) the nondepressed sample had higher levels of MIL, spirituality, hope, health and social support, (3) there was an inverse relationship between MIL and depression and (4) higher levels of MIL and lower levels of depression predicted lower levels of suicidality. Findings did not support the hypothesis that females would have higher levels of MIL, spirituality, hope, health and social support than males. Structural equation analysis supported the hypothesis that spirituality, hope, health and social support moderate the relationships between MIL, depression and suicide behavior. These findings have implications for nursing practice, theory development, and future research.
DescriptionThis dissertation has also been disseminated through the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. Dissertation/thesis number: 9400098; ProQuest document ID: 304123847. The author still retains copyright.
Advisor(s)Farran, Carol J.
Degree GrantorRush University
NotesThis item has not gone through this repository's peer-review process, but has been accepted by the indicated university or college in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the specified degree.
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