Social support and health outcomes associated with children with sickle cell disease
Review TypeNone: Degree-based Submission
Repository Posting Date2020-07-24T21:50:00Z
Author(s)Wesley-Shadow, Ruby L.
Author DetailsDr. Ruby L. Wesley-Shadow, PhD, RN
Lead Author Sigma AffliationGamma Beta
Level of EvidenceDescriptive/Correlational
Research ApproachQuantitative Research
CINAHL HeadingsSupport, Psychosocial; Anemia, Sickle Cell; Outcomes (Health Care); Caregivers; Anxiety; Anemia, Sickle Cell--Psychosocial Factors; Support, Psychosocial--In Infancy and Childhood; Outcomes (Health Care)--In Infancy and Childhood; Anemia, Sickle Cell--Psychosocial Factors--In Infancy and Childhood; Anxiety--Evaluation
The purpose of this investigation was to assess the deleterious, psychosocial effects of the sickle cell disease process on children between the ages of 6 and 14 years. The problem involves the stressful nature of sickle cell disease (physically and psychologically) and the need to investigate the association between the moderating variables (social support) and the frequency of sickle cell crises. A purposive sample of 31 children/main caregiver dyads was selected from a sickle cell disease clinic and chronic health impaired tutorial service in Baltimore, Maryland. The healthy group of children/main caregivers dyads (N = 31) were purposively selected from Baltimore City and the surrounding State of Maryland. The children and their main caregiver were interviewed by the investigator during scheduled home visits using the following self-reported instruments: Wesley Child Social Support Questionnaire (WCSSQ); Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS); Family/Peer Relationship Questionnaire (FPRQ); and the Hollingshead Four Factor Index for family socioeconomic status (SES). Several bivariate (Pearson Correlations) and multivariate analyses (T-Tests and multiple regressions) were performed on the data to determine significance. The major findings of this study were: (1) the sickle cell group had higher (though not significant) mean scores on trait anxiety than the healthy group; (2) the sickle cell group had equivalent levels of social support and family/peer relationships as the healthy group; (3) females were found to receive significantly more social support than the males; and (4) the social support stress-buffering hypothesis was not supported in this study. Findings suggest that girls received more social support than boys. Other psychosocial variables should be examined further for school-age and adolescent children for their impact on psychosocial development. Lastly, social support should be examined as an intervening variable in the stress buffering hypothesis in future sickle cell research rather than as a moderator variable.
DescriptionThis dissertation has also been disseminated through the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. Dissertation/thesis number: 8905089; ProQuest document ID: 303516751. The author still retains copyright.
Degree GrantorUniversity of Maryland, Baltimore
NotesThis item has not gone through this repository's peer-review process, but has been accepted by the indicated university or college in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the specified degree.
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