The patient's perception of overheard staff laughter
Review TypeNone: Degree-based Submission
Repository Posting Date2020-07-24T21:34:45Z
Author(s)White, Margery L.
Author DetailsDr. Margery L. White, RN, PhD
Lead Author Sigma AffliationZeta Omega at-Large
Level of EvidencePhenomenology
Research ApproachQualitative Research
CINAHL HeadingsPerception; Nurse-Patient Relations; Laughter; Perception--Evaluation; Nurse-Patient Relations--Evaluation; Laughter--Evaluation
The purpose of this study was to explore hospitalized patients' perceptions concerning overheard staff laughter within the hospital. The research question was: What is the hospitalized patient's perception of overheard staff laughter? The question was answered through the use of phenomenology. It is necessary for the nurse to look at the world through the eyes of the patient. It is this understanding of the patient's subjective experience of overheard staff laughter that may assist the nurse in better meeting the patient's needs. The participants were male (N = 2) and female (N = 10) adult Caucasians with ages covering a span of 27 through 62 years (M = 42.42, SD = 9.38). Using Giorgi's method of analysis, four themes emerged from the transcripts. The premise of the study was that hospitals as organizations create cultures, and that through the use of language and socialization maintain a reality of work-life beliefs for its members. These beliefs exclude the patient, who is neither a part of the culture of the staff nor connected to the other patients. This exclusion of the patient leads to feelings of aloneness and powerlessness which may lead at minimum, to misunderstandings and misinterpretations of nonverbal communications, such as overheard laughter. The findings indicated that all participants remembered overheard staff laughter as a significant event. Participants attributed different meaning to the overheard staff laughter. Central to the issues of overheard staff laughter were location of the laughter, time of the laughter, and the perception of focus of the laughter. In addition, patients perceived a difference in laughter they were included in as opposed to laughter they were excluded from. This study determined that nurse's behaviors within the context of the culture of the hospital are never neutral. Even when behavior is not direct body contact with the patient, such as overheard laughter, the nurse's behavior is impactful.
DescriptionThis dissertation has also been disseminated through the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. Dissertation/thesis number: 9626992; ProQuest document ID: 304291662. The author still retains copyright.
Degree GrantorAdelphi University
NotesThis item has not gone through this repository's peer-review process, but has been accepted by the indicated university or college in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the specified degree.
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