Stress and coping in older women with osteoarthritis: A qualitative study
Review TypeNone: Degree-based Submission
Repository Posting Date2020-07-24T21:33:41Z
Author(s)Romer, Charlene M.
Author DetailsDr. Charlene Marie Romer, PhD, RN, CNE
Lead Author Sigma AffliationPi Pi
Level of EvidenceDescriptive/Correlational
Research ApproachQualitative Research
A qualitative approach was used to explore the stress-coping process of older women with osteoarthritis. The purpose of the study was to identify and describe the stressors, appraisals, emotional reactions, and actual coping efforts of older women with osteoarthritis. The theoretical framework for this investigation was based on the stress-coping model developed by Lazarus and Folkman (1984). Ten women completed a demographic questionnaire and the Disability Index of the Health Assessment Questionnaire before participating in semi-structured interviews. Content analysis was performed on informants' responses to questions related to stress and coping in the context of living with osteoarthritis. Findings revealed that the stressors associated with osteoarthritis involved physical, psychological, as well as social aspects of their lives. Pain, disability and dependence on others were identified as major stressors. The majority of the respondents appraised the personal significance of having osteoarthritis as stressful both in terms of actual loss and potential loss in the future. Living with osteoarthritis evoked stressful emotions such as anger, frustration, discouragement, fear and helplessness. A variety of problem-focused and emotion-focused (palliative) coping efforts was used to manage the stressors associated with this disease. Findings from this study provide clues for meaningful nursing intervention with the individuals who live with osteoarthritis.
DescriptionThis dissertation has also been disseminated through the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. Dissertation/thesis number: 9946291; ProQuest document ID: 304511288. The author still retains copyright.
Degree GrantorUniversity of Missouri - Columbia
NotesThis item has not gone through this repository's peer-review process, but has been accepted by the indicated university or college in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the specified degree.
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