Evaluation of an alternative prenatal care visit schedule for low-risk pregnant women
Review TypeNone: Degree-based Submission
Repository Posting Date2020-07-24T21:30:40Z
Author(s)Walker, Deborah Sue
Author DetailsDr. Deborah Sue Walker, PhD, CNM, FACNM, FAAN
Lead Author Sigma AffliationLambda
Level of EvidenceRandomized Controlled Trial
Research ApproachQuantitative Research
CINAHL HeadingsPrenatal Care; Pregnancy Outcomes; Prenatal Care--Evaluation; Pregnancy Outcomes--Evaluation
While the current prenatal visit schedule is widely accepted as providing the highest quality prenatal care and followed by health care practitioners in this country and abroad, it is not based on sound scientific evidence. The frequency and timing of visits which provide the critical threshold to make a difference in outcomes, especially in women who are healthy and considered to be at low-risk for pregnancy complications, is not clear. Women attending prenatal care at a free-standing birthing center (N = 81) staffed by certified nurse-midwives participated in this prospective, randomized study designed to evaluate the effects of an alternative prenatal care visit schedule for low-risk pregnant women. Selected perinatal outcomes, maternal satisfaction, anxiety and self-care as a concept and its relationship to the dependent variables and alternative prenatal visit schedule were examined. The content of prenatal care was the same for both study groups. Women in the alternative group attended a mean of 7.65 prenatal visits with women in the control group attending a mean of 10.84 prenatal visits. No statistically significant difference (p $<$ 0.01) was found on selected perinatal outcomes, satisfaction with prenatal care, or anxiety. Two satisfaction with prenatal care subscales approached significance, satisfaction with provider (F = 5.74, p = 0.02) and satisfaction with the prenatal care system (F = 2.01, p = 0.04), with women in the alternative group reporting higher levels of satisfaction. Women with greater self-care capabilities demonstrated a statistically significant difference in state anxiety (r = $-$0.54, p = 0.001). Findings indicate the need for further investigation of appropriate, cost-effective, satisfying, and efficient means of delivering prenatal care to low-risk women. Further implications involve the need for assessing the alternative visit schedule with a variety of providers and in larger more diverse populations and settings.
DescriptionThis dissertation has also been disseminated through the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. Dissertation/thesis number: 9517743; ProQuest document ID: 304082463. The author still retains copyright.
Degree GrantorUniversity of California, Los Angeles
NotesThis item has not gone through this repository's peer-review process, but has been accepted by the indicated university or college in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the specified degree.
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