Psychophysiological recovery after acute myocardial infarction
Review TypeNone: Degree-based Submission
Repository Posting Date2020-06-26T21:29:58Z
Author(s)Buchanan, Lynne M.
Author DetailsDr. Lynne M. Buchanan, PhD, APRN-BC
Lead Author Sigma AffliationGamma Pi at-Large
Level of EvidenceDescriptive/Correlational
Research ApproachQuantitative Research
KeywordsPsychological Affects of Heart Disease; Cardiac Patients; Ties Between Mental and Physical Health
CINAHL HeadingsAutonomic Nervous System; Myocardial Infarction; Recovery; Psychophysiology; Autonomic Nervous System--Physiopathology
This research describes the physiological and cognitive/affective responses of twenty-one physiologically stable adult males within five days of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The relationships between physiological and cognitive/affective variables were explored focusing on them as manifestations of autonomic nervous system (ANS) imbalance. Physiologic responses of heart rate variability (HRV) and complex ventricular arrhythmias (CVA) were measured using Space Lab ambulatory monitors. The R to R interval data was used to calculate four non-invasive indicators of ANS imbalance: Kleiger global standard deviation (GSD), Magid number, SDANN index and BB50A index. A severity rating of CVA was calculated using Lown's grading criteria (Lown, 1978). Cognitive/affective data was obtained from four standardized tools; Spielberger State/Trait Anxiety Inventory, Spielberger State/Trait Anger Scale, Beck Depression Inventory and Hackett-Cassem Denial Scale. Other data was collected about age, education, occupation, medication and location of infarction. Results showed day-to-day changes in HRV to be reliable in four subjects who had sequential measurements. In nine subjects there was a circadian pattern in hourly standard deviations with night values higher compared to daytime values. The mean HRV score for the group was 87 $\pm$ 27, a hypothetical intermediate risk category for recurring cardiac event. The mean CVA score was 30 or less uniform premature ventricular complexes per hour. Means ($\pm$SD) for cognitive/affective state were: anxiety (48 $\pm$ 18), anger (13 $\pm$ 4), depression (4.9 $\pm$ 3.5) and denial (3 $\pm$ 2). The Kleiger GSD and SDANN index had the highest correlation between measures of HRV (r =.85, p $<$.0001). The correlations between cognitive/affective state and CVA, and between cognitive/affective state and HRV were non-significant. Education was the best predictor of HRV in the multiple regression (F = 3.6, p $\leq$.05). A discriminant analysis of two groups of subjects with high and low HRV showed state anger and denial were statistically significant classification variables but only when combined with age and mean heart period. Conclusions were that age and education were important variables affecting the relationships between physiological and cognitive/affective state. A limitation was that non-power indices of HRV do not differentiate between parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous system responses. Future studies should focus on longitudinal designs with multiple measures of HRV such as power spectral analysis and/or baroreceptor sensitivity measures in a larger sample of patients.
DescriptionThis dissertation has also been disseminated through the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. Dissertation/thesis number: 9020904; ProQuest document ID: 303774556. The author still retains copyright.
Degree GrantorUniversity of Washington
NotesThis item has not gone through this repository's peer-review process, but has been accepted by the indicated university or college in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the specified degree.
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