Socialization of men into nursing
Review TypeAbstract Review Only: Reviewed by Event Host
Repository Posting Date2020-02-18T21:22:15Z
Author(s)LaRocco, Susan A.
Author DetailsDr. Susan LaRocco is Dean and Professor of the School of Nursing at Mount Saint Mary College in Newburgh NY. She became a nursing educator after many years in a variety of leadership positions in hospitals in Boston, New York, and Connecticut. She has published extensively, including in the American Journal of Nursing, Journal of Clinical Nursing, and Nursing Management. In 2014, she was inducted as a Fellow in the National Academies of Practice. Dr LaRocco spent a year as a Fulbright Scholar in the Middle East, teaching doctoral students at the University of Jordan in Amman. Her major research interest is men in nursing, in particular the graduates of the Alexian Brothers Hospital School of Nursing in Chicago, the last all-male school of nursing.
Lead Author Sigma AffliationTheta at-Large
Lead Author AffliationMount Saint Mary College, Newburgh, New York, USA
Level of EvidenceGrounded Theory
Research ApproachQualitative Research
KeywordsMale Nurses; Socialization into Nursing; Recruitment of Male Nurses; Retention of Male Nurses
Background: As of 2004, there were more than 2.9 million Registered Nurses (RNs) in the United States. More than 2.4 million RNs are employed in nursing. Male nurses account for 5.7% of all nurses, up from 5.4% in 2000. Aim of the Study: To explore the process that led to the male nurse’s decision to become a nurse and to remain a nurse. Methodology: Grounded theory methods were used to generate a descriptive theory of socialization of men into nursing. Data were collected by individual, semi-structured, in-depth interviews with 20 male Registered Nurses, residing in Massachusetts, with 1 to 35 years of experience as RNs. The participants were recruited through personal contact with people known to the researcher and through snowball sampling. The researcher did not know any of the men prior to the interview. The audiotaped interviews were transcribed and verified. Analysis: Analysis was conducted throughout the data collection period using open, axial, and selective coding. A constant comparative approach was used until saturation of the categories appeared. Memos, in the form of code notes, theoretical notes, and operational notes, helped to establish an audit trail. MaxQDA was used to assist with data management and analysis. Findings: A basic social process, socializing men into nursing, emerged from the data. The basic social process comprises a trajectory of four stages, which encompass the path that men travel to become and remain nurses. These stages occur in a linear manner. The first stage is prior to considering nursing. This is followed by choosing nursing, becoming a nurse, and ends with being a nurse. Conclusion: This study extends our knowledge of male nurses by describing the trajectory that men follow in becoming a nurse. It has implications for policy development that will influence the recruitment and retention of men in nursing.
Funder(s)Brenda S. Cherry Theta Alpha Doctoral Dissertation Award; Craig Bollinger Research Grant from the Graduate Student Assembly of University of Massachusetts Boston
Conference Name7th Annual Interdisciplinary Research Conference
Conference HostTrinity College
Conference LocationDublin, Ireland
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