Parenting behaviors, perceived competence, and exercise of girls in middle childhood
Dr. Jane Cerruti Dellert, RN, PhD, CPNP
Visits vs Downloads
Visitors - World Map
Top Visiting Countries
Top Visiting Cities
Visits (last 6 months)
Downloads (last 6 months)
Popular Works for Dellert, Jane Cerruti by View
Popular Works for Dellert, Jane Cerruti by Download
Parental socialization patterns (permissiveness, authoritarianism, authoritativeness), parental exercise, and perceived competence influence children's vigorous physical activity according to sport socialization theory. In this study of 155 healthy public school fifth-bade (51%) and sixth-grade (49%) girls and their parents, the parents were primarily Caucasian (60.4%), high school or college educated (88.9%), employed in professional, managerial, or technical support occupations (63%), and in good health (90.6%). Correlation, regression, and analysis of variance statistics revealed that girls' perceived athletic competence was significantly and positively related to girls' exercise (r = .27, p = .001); that girls' exercise and (a) perceived cognitive competence ( r = .03, p = .69) and (b) perceived global self-worth (r = .14, p = .08) were not significantly correlated; that a one-variable model explained 8% of the variance in girls' exercise [F(3, 151) = 4.33, p = .006]; that girls' exercise and perceived social competence were positively and significantly related (r = .22, p = .007); and that girls' exercise and paternal and maternal psychological autonomy-granting were significantly and negatively related (r = −.23, p = .004; r = −.17, p = .03 respectively). Girls' exercise did not differ by perceived paternal or maternal socialization pattern [F(2,67) = 1.75, p = .18; F(2,65) = .73, p = .49 respectively]. Girls' exercise was not related to paternal moderate exercise (r = .06, p = .51), paternal vigorous exercise (r = .10, p = .26), maternal moderate exercise (r = −.07, p = .42), or maternal vigorous exercise (r = .08, p = .34). Perceived athletic competence, perceived social competence and perceived parental psychological autonomy-granting were related to girls' exercise, and athletic competence perceptions explained a small amount of the exercise variance for girls. Despite theory, three parental socialization patterns and parental exercise were not related to fifth- and sixth-grade girls' exercise. It can be concluded that selected propositions of the theory may have meaningful application for improving girls' exercise habits, that selected propositions of the sport socialization theory may not apply to girls, and that the relationships between parental behaviors and girls' exercise need further exploration.
This dissertation has also been disseminated through the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. Dissertation/thesis number: 3043633; ProQuest document ID: 305485758. The author still retains copyright.
This item has not gone through this repository's peer-review process, but has been accepted by the indicated university or college in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the specified degree.
|Review Type||None: Degree-based Submission|
All rights reserved by the author(s) and/or publisher(s) listed in this item record unless relinquished in whole or part by a rights notation or a Creative Commons License present in this item record.
All permission requests should be directed accordingly and not to the Sigma Repository.
All submitting authors or publishers have affirmed that when using material in their work where they do not own copyright, they have obtained permission of the copyright holder prior to submission and the rights holder has been acknowledged as necessary.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subjects.
French, Calvin J. (2017-06-01)Childhood obesity is a major public health crisis nationally and internationally (Karnik & Danekar, 2012). The prevalence of childhood obesity has continued to increase causing a rise in several comorbidities at an ...
The perception of physical activity and social support for physical activity among Native Hawaiians 55 Years and older Hanashiro, VernaSignificance: The benefits of physical activity on healthy aging and longevity have repeatedly been identified. Despite these known benefits, sedentary living is a serious and pervasive health problem among older adults ...
Perron, Tracy J.The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among perceived school climate, self-reported psychosomatic symptoms, visits to the school nurse for reported psychosomatic symptoms and reports of bullying behaviors ...
An intervention to increase intentions and behavioral skills to postpone sexual activity in Cameroonian preadolescent female students Enah, Comfort C.Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is an escalating problem in sub-Saharan Africa. According to the World Health Organization, the disease constitutes a threat to the health of adolescents in this region. One of ...
Parental influences on late adolescents' autonomous motivation and sexual risk knowledge and behavior Riley, Bettina HornbuckleAdolescent risky sexual behavior is associated with unprotected sex, unplanned pregnancy, abortion, and contraction of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as chlamydia, syphilis, gonorrhea, and HIV/AIDS. During their ...