Caregivers' Psychological Factors Underlying Sugar-sweetened Beverage Intake Among Non-Hispanic Black Preschoolers
Review TypeNone: Degree-based Submission
Repository Posting Date2019-12-19T20:47:55Z
Author(s)Tipton, Julia A. Franson
Author DetailsJulia A. Franson Tipton, DNS, RN
Lead Author Sigma AffliationEpsilon Nu
Level of EvidenceDescriptive/Correlational
Research ApproachQuantitative Research
CINAHL HeadingsBlacks; Child Care Providers; Food Intake; Carbonated Beverages; Blacks--In Infancy and Childhood; Child Care Providers--Psychosocial Factors; Food Intake--In Infancy and Childhood
Non-Hispanic black children consume greater amounts of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and are at disproportionately high risk for obesity and other SSB-related health problems. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between caregivers’ beliefs, attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, past behavior, and intention to serve SSBs to non- Hispanic black preschoolers. The researcher conducted a cross-sectional, correlational study using multiple regression with path analysis using the Expanded Theory of Planned Behavior as the theoretical framework. The researcher recruited a sample of 165 adult caregivers of non- Hispanic black children ages 2-5 years were from Head Start Centers, preschools, and childcare centers in the New Orleans metropolitan area to complete the Sugar Sweetened Drink Questionnaire (SSDQ). Behavioral and normative beliefs had indirect effects on intention and direct effects on attitude and subjective norm. Control beliefs had neither a significant indirect effect on intention nor a significant direct effect on perceived behavioral control. Although attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control and past behavior each significantly predicted intention, perceived behavioral control was not significantly correlated with intention. After removing perceived behavioral control, the model accounted for 58.7% of variance in intention to serve SSBs to preschoolers on a daily basis. Results revealed that the Expanded Theory of Reasoned Action was more useful than the Expanded Theory of Planned Behavior for explaining SSB intention. Believing there are no major disadvantages associated with daily SSB consumption was the most significant predictor of positive attitude towards serving SSBs to preschoolers. Parents of young children and doctors both significantly predicted subjective norm. This is the first known study that has used the Theory of Planned Behavior to examine the influence of psychosocial factors underlying regular SSB consumption among non-Hispanic black preschoolers. Nurses and other health care professionals can use these findings to tailor behaviorally-based obesity prevention programs at the individual, family, and community-based levels.
DescriptionThis dissertation has also been disseminated through the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. Dissertation/thesis number: 3584659; ProQuest document ID: 1539526222. The author still retains copyright.
NotesThis item has not gone through this repository's peer-review process, but has been accepted by the indicated university or college in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the specified degree.
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