The Meaning of High-quality Nursing Care Derived from King's Interacting Systems
Review TypeNone: Degree-based Submission
Repository Posting Date2019-11-25T17:40:56Z
Author(s)Gunther, Mary E.
Author DetailsMary E. Gunther PhD, RN
Lead Author Sigma AffliationGamma Chi
Level of EvidenceOther
Research ApproachQualitative Research
The purpose of this study is to conceptualize quality within a framework unique to nursing, King's Interacting Systems. Clarification of the concept within the metaparadigm and a nursing conceptual framework provides understanding of the domain and scope of nursing for the ultimate benefit of the patient. Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics involves a dialogical interaction between the whole and parts of the text and between the horizons of the text and the interpreter. King's (1981) A theory for nursing: Systems, concepts, process was approached with the question: What are the characteristics of high-quality nursing care? Within Fawcett's (1997) Structural Hierarchy of Contemporary Nursing Knowledge, the meaning of high-quality nursing care is found in the metaparadigm relational proposition: nursing is concerned with the nursing actions or processes by which positive changes in the person's health status are effected. Performed in an interpersonal field, nursing actions are influenced by the developmental level of the personal system of each participant as well as the conceptual characteristics of the larger social system. Quality is an experiential judgment emerging from the nurse-patient interaction and reflects both the unique and shared values of the participants. Goal attainment provides measurable evidence of the quality of the nursing care provided. Empathic understanding, requiring the nurse's self-awareness and perceptual accuracy, guides communication during the nurse-patient interaction aimed at mutual decision-making regarding actions leading to goal attainment. Role and power influence mutuality, an interdependence of nurse and patient, in decision-making. Goals and subsequent actions are reflections of the patient's values manifested through nursing interventions. The fusion of the horizons of the text and the interpreter's situation in today's health care environment results in a theory of high-quality nursing care from which specific empirical indicators may be developed. The theory supports the baccalaureate degree as entry level for professional nursing with recommendations regarding curriculum content; supports differentiated practice care delivery models; and identifies future research questions and problems.
DescriptionThis dissertation has also been disseminated through the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. Dissertation/thesis number: 3010322; ProQuest document ID: 251806120. The author still retains copyright.
Advisor(s)Alligood, Martha Raille
Degree GrantorThe University of Tennessee
NotesThis item has not gone through this repository's peer-review process, but has been accepted by the indicated university or college in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the specified degree.
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