Purpose in Life, Appraisal, and Coping Behaviors in Black, Hispanic, and White Anglo-Saxon Pregnant Adolescents
Review TypeNone: Degree-based Submission
Repository Posting Date2019-11-20T16:42:16Z
Author(s)Enders, Bertha Cruz
Author DetailsBertha Cruz Enders, PhD, RN
Lead Author Sigma AffliationBeta Beta (Dallas)
Level of EvidenceCross-Sectional
Research ApproachQuantitative Research
CINAHL HeadingsAttitude to Pregnancy; Coping; Ethnic Groups; Pregnancy in Adolescence; Coping--Evaluation; Pregnancy in Adolescence--Psychosocial Factors
The purposes of this descriptive study were: (1) to identify differences in perceptions of life purpose, appraisal, and coping behaviors based on ethnicity; and (2) to describe the interrelationship of these variables, among black, hispanic, and white anglo-saxon pregnant adolescents. Conducted in five health agencies of a large metropolitan area, the study used a nonprobability sample composed of 63 black, 89 hispanic, and 55 white anglo-saxon pregnant women ages 13 to 25. Subjects completed a General Information Form, the Purpose in Life Test, PIL (Crumbaugh & Maholick, 1964), the Cognitive Appraisal questionnaire and the Coping Behaviors Inventory, CBI (Kaus, 1986). Multivariate analysis was used to test the hypotheses. The findings were: (1) There was no statistically significant difference in PIL scores among the pregnant adolescents based on ethnicity. (2) The groups differed on two appraisal dimensions: resolution and desirability. Blacks and hispanics, more than whites, viewed the pregnancy as a difficult situation needing resolution. Hispanics, more than blacks or whites, viewed the pregnancy as desirable. (3) The groups differed on two coping dimensions: emotion and problem-solving behaviors. Black, more than hispanics or whites, used more emotion-focused coping behaviors. Whites tended to use problem-solving coping more than emotion behaviors. (4) A statistically significant relationship was found between the PIL and one or more appraisal variables in the three groups. (5) A statistically significant relationship was found between the PIL and one or more CBI subscale scores in the three groups. (6) A statistically significant relationship was found between one or more appraisal variables and coping subscales for black and white subjects, but not for hispanics. The study supported the implication that sociocultural differences in perception of pregnancy must be considered when assessing the nursing needs of the pregnant adolescent, and in program planning for the prevention of adolescent pregnancy.
DescriptionThis dissertation has also been disseminated through the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. Dissertation/thesis number: 8827483; ProQuest document ID: 303645415. The author still retains copyright.
Degree GrantorTexas Woman's University
NotesThis item has not gone through this repository's peer-review process, but has been accepted by the indicated university or college in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the specified degree.
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