Vaginitis, Female Sexual Dysfunction, and Sexual Distress
Monica Maldonado, DNP, MSN, CRNP, WHNP-BC; Shawana Moore, DNP, MSN, WHNP-BC; Jayci Knights, MD, FACOG
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Purpose/Aim: The purpose of this doctoral project is to examine the relationship between vaginitis (BV and VVC), FSD, and sexual distress level on non-pregnant, sexually active women aged 18 to 44 using validated self-report survey tools, such as the Female Sexual Function Index Questionnaire (FSFI) and Female Sexual Distress Scale-Revised (FSDS-R).
Methodology: The proposed study will use a cross-sectional design with paper and pen self-report questionnaires that will be administrated to participants the same day of visit at a federally qualified health center in Camden, N.J. The majority of patients seeking health care services are black and Hispanic. According to the U.S. Census Bureau (n.d.), the population in the city of Camden in 2017 was approximately 74,532 with women making up 51% of the population. Inclusion Criteria • Non- pregnant, sexually active women, aged 18 to 44 clinically diagnosed with BV and/or VVC the same day of visit or within the last 4 weeks. • Understands the English language and can complete paper and pen questionnaire independently Exclusion Criteria • Menopausal and pregnant women Three paper and pen questionnaires were utilized in this project. The first questionnaire was utilized to collect data related to patient demographics and the inclusion/exclusion criteria. The second questionnaire, the FSFI questionnaire, is a 19-item self-report questionnaire utilized to collect data related to the six domains of female sexual function. The third questionnaire, the FSDS-R, is a 13-item self-report questionnaire utilized to collect data related to female sexual distress level. Healthcare providers were educated on the inclusion criteria and informed the investigator when patients met criteria. Identifiers were not utilized during the research project to protect human subjects. All surveys were anonymous and kept in a locked box.
Results and implications for women’s health: Results for this study are still in progression. However, several studies have shown correlation between symptoms associated in vaginitis (BV and VVC), FSD, and sexual distress level. Further cross-sectional survey-based study, on this topic, among other ethnicities and healthcare settings will allow for comparison and identify of high-risk groups. Research in this topic will increase provider awareness and provide information that could be used to educate women on vaginitis (BV and VVC) and FSD.
Female Sexual Dysfunction
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