Implementing a depression screening and referral program in an African American church community
Author DetailsMary S. Garner DNP, MSPH, MPA, RN
Visits vs Downloads
Visitors - World Map
Top Visiting Countries
Top Visiting Cities
Visits (last 6 months)
Downloads (last 6 months)
Popular Works for Garner, Mary S. by View
Popular Works for Garner, Mary S. by Download
Purpose: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to launch a depression screening and stigma reduction program in a nondenominational church that serves mainly African Americans. Potential links between stigma, such as beliefs related to mental illness, and how education can influence help-seeking and health literacy among ministerial leaders were identified.
Methods: From March to June 2019, 28 African American ministerial leaders participated in this depression/suicidality educational awareness program. Three instruments were selected for this study: a demographic questionnaire, a Mental Health Knowledge pre/posttest, and a Community Attitudes Towards Mental Illness pre/post survey. Paired sample t-tests were used to determine pre- and post-education mental health knowledge and the presence of stigmatizing attitudes among ministerial leaders.
Results: There was an increase in the mental health knowledge which was retained for a period of at least 3 months, t (25) = 9.74; p <.001. Two of the four Community Attitudes Towards the Mentally Ill subscales showed significant reductions in negative attitudes on both the Authoritarianism and Social Restrictiveness scales, t (25) = -9.05, p < .001; t (25) = -7.65, p < .001, respectively.
Recommendations: Many Americans do not have their depression needs assessed. African Americans are one of the populations that are most likely to be missed. Additional efforts, such as collaboration with community mental health providers, seem to be promising steps towards optimizing diagnosis, treatment, follow up, and sustainability of faith-based programs.
Repository Posting Date2019-09-16T20:52:40Z
TypeDNP Capstone Project
Level of EvidenceQuality Improvement
Research ApproachQuantitative Research
All rights reserved by the author(s) and/or publisher(s) listed in this item record unless relinquished in whole or part by a rights notation or a Creative Commons License present in this item record.
All permission requests should be directed accordingly and not to the Sigma Repository.
All submitting authors or publishers have affirmed that when using material in their work where they do not own copyright, they have obtained permission of the copyright holder prior to submission and the rights holder has been acknowledged as necessary.
The following license files are associated with this item: