Healthcare workforce and quality outcomes in Chile
Linda H. Aiken, PhD, FAAN, FRCN, The Claire M. Fagin Leadership Professor of Nursing, Professor of Sociology, Director, Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania
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- University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
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The Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing partnered with our Chilean colleagues, led by Universidad de los Andes, and including 3 other top Chilean nursing schools-- Pontificia Universidad de la Católica de Chile, Universidad de La Serena, and Universidad de Concepción-- to design, implement, and execute a research program that builds their research infrastructure, studies comparatively low-cost organizational leverage of nursing inputs to improve patient outcomes, achieves higher value for investments in nursing, and motivates decision-makers to implement research findings that hold promise making health care more effective, affordable, and satisfactory to the public. Findings: Hospitals in Chile, both public and private, exhibit large variation in the quality of their nurse practice environments, larger than variations seen in other studies internationally. In addition, the nurse practice environment shows a significant association with patient experience in aspects of care that are related to nurses. RN4CAST-Chile finds greater investment in RN staffing is key to improve patient outcomes in Chilean Hospitals. Improving RN staffing is the highest priority to prevent hospital deaths.
The Sigma Theta Tau International grant application that funded this research, in whole or in part, was completed by the applicant and peer-reviewed prior to the award of the Sigma grant. No further peer-review has taken place upon the completion of the Sigma grant final report and its appearance in this repository.
Dr. Aiken is a 2015-2016 recipient of the Sigma Theta Tau International Global Nursing Research Grant
|Review Type||None: Sigma Grant Recipient Report|
|Research Approach||Quantitative Research|
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Sigma Theta Tau International; Kim, Susie; Williams, Phoebe Dauz; Williams, Arthur Ross; Lopez, Marcelo; Piamjariyakul, Ubolrat; Soetjiningsih; Tayko, Nenita P.; Guevara, Edilma B.; Mendias, Elnora P.; Goins, Phyllis N.; Drew, Judith; Heredia, Ana Maria; Ferraz, Clarice A.; Mishima, Silvana M.; Felizzia, Stella; Moralez, Maria de los Angeles Paz; Martinez, Maria Elena Valdez; Sochalski, Julie A.; Aiken, Linda H.; Rafferty, Anne Marie; Shamian, Judith; Muller-Mundt, Gabriele; Hunt, Jennifer M.; Giovannetti, Phyllis; Clarke, Heather F.; Lockhart, Joan Such; George, Leah Vota; Zamora, Lidya; Palmer, Timothy; McNeal, Gloria; Coffman, Sherrilyn D. (Sigma Theta Tau International, 1998)Publishing History: Print issues of Reflections magazine were published from 1975 to 1999 and its successor, Reflections on Nursing Leadership (RNL) began publication in 2000. RNL migrated to an online format, http://www ...
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