HIV Informal Caregiving: Role Responsibilities and the Effects of Case Management
Review TypeNone: Degree-based Submission
Repository Posting Date2019-09-10T13:45:27Z
Author(s)Reynolds, Nancy R.
Author DetailsNancy R. Reynolds, PhD, APRN, FAAN
Lead Author Sigma AffliationNu Beta
Level of EvidenceOther
Research ApproachMixed/Multi Method Research
CINAHL HeadingsRole -- Evaluation; Psychological Well-Being -- Evaluation; Personal Satisfaction -- Evaluation; Caregivers; HIV-Infected Patients; Role; Case Management; Psychological Well-Being; Personal Satisfaction
The purpose of this study was to describe how HIV informal caregivers experience the social and biophysical dimensions of the HIV illness process and develop a supportive and sustaining environment. The specific aims of this project were to: (1) explore the role responsibilities of HIV/AIDS informal caregivers over the course of HIV illness; and (2) describe the effect of a case management model on HIV/AIDS informal caregivers' health/well-being and satisfaction with formal services. A prospective design was used to facilitate exploration of the emergent nature of the caregiving role. Data was gathered in 32 indepth interviews with 20 subjects who were the primary caregivers to individuals manifesting HIV/AIDS. The interviews, guided by a semi-structured interview format, were audiotaped and transcribed. Data was coded and thematically analyzed using interpretative techniques. A randomized portion of the sample received case managed services and its effects were evaluated with standardized outcome measures of health/well-being and satisfaction with formal services. HIV informal caregiving was analyzed as a three phase process. The first phase of HIV informal caregiving, beginning the role, involves decisions to assume the role and issues to be negotiated as the caregiver adapts to the altered patient-caregiver relationship. The second phase, sustaining the role, centers on matters of identity building and the aspects of managing the role in relation to performing patient centered activities; managing courtesy stigma; living with loss and sorrow; and minimizing exposure to the virus. The last phase of the role, ending the role, involves the processes by which caregivers may relinquish their role prematurely as a means of minimizing role conflict/overload and the grief and bereavement processes that occur following patient death. The major role responsibility for HIV informal caregivers that occurred over the three phases was finding "balance," a process by which the caregiver sought to secure coherence and equilibrium between several interacting and often opposing processes in which they were engaged. Development of the HIV informal caregiver role was found to be particularly intricate because HIV informal caregiver role expectations are complicated by the unusual social meanings surrounding AIDS and gay relationships. It was not established that case management effected HIV informal caregiver health/well-being and satisfaction with formal services.
DescriptionThis dissertation has also been disseminated through the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. Dissertation/thesis number: 9401340; ProQuest document ID: 304085225. The author still retains copyright.
Advisor(s)Anderson, Carole A.
Degree GrantorThe Ohio State University
NotesThis item has not gone through this repository's peer-review process, but has been accepted by the indicated university or college in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the specified degree.
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