Adolescent Motherhood: The Human Agency Perspective
Review TypeNone: Degree-based Submission
Review StatusNot Applicable (See Review Type)
Repository Posting Date2019-05-06T19:34:24Z
Author(s)Dormire, Sharon L.
Author DetailsDr. Sharon L. Dormire, PhD, RN
Level of EvidenceCross-Sectional
Research ApproachQuantitative Research
CINAHL HeadingsSelf Concept -- In Adolescence; Attitude to Pregnancy -- In Adolescence; Pregnancy in Adolescence; Primiparas; Self Concept; Attitude to Pregnancy
The purpose of this study was to develop and test a causal model a priori. The mediating influence of self-esteem in the relationship among the sociocultural variables of race, social status and family relationships, perception of motherhood, and pregnancy in adolescent females was examined. The Human Agency Model of Behavior developed by the researcher was used as a framework to explore interactions between the variables. In this model, the individual is shown as a self agent in determining behavior. A convenience sample of 164 primigravida adolescents in their last trimester of pregnancy was obtained; a comparison group of 193 never-pregnant adolescent females was also selected. A retrospective design was used to investigate the research problem. Ordinary least squares analytic techniques were used to determine the path coefficients for each pair of variable relationships in the causal model. Statistical significance was achieved for most of the relationships indicating support for the model as constructed. The following hypotheses were supported: (1) as social status increases, positive perceptions of motherhood decrease for adolescent females; (2) adolescent females of lower social status have higher incidence of pregnancy; (3) adolescent pregnancy occurs more frequently in nonwhite than in white females; (4) there is a more positive perception of motherhood in non-white than in white adolescent females; (5) self-esteem increases as bonding with the mother increases for adolescent females; and (6) adolescent pregnancy increases as perception of mother increases. The path analysis demonstrated that the association between race and adolescent pregnancy is explained largely by relationships expressed in the model. Also, the model has significant explanatory power concerning the relationship between social status and adolescent pregnancy. Hypotheses concerning specific dimensions of bonding and the other research variables were not supported; the direction of relationships between were not as predicted. Hypotheses concerning self-esteem and adolescent pregnancy as well as perception of motherhood also could not be supported because the direction of the relationships.
DescriptionThis dissertation has also been disseminated through the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. Dissertation/thesis number: 9314223; ProQuest document ID: 303974166. The author still retains copyright.
Degree GrantorUniversity of Florida
NotesThis item has not gone through this repository's peer-review process, but has been accepted by the indicated university or college in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the specified degree.
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