Explication of the Meaning of Reminiscence for the Elderly Living in the Community
Review TypeNone: Degree-based Submission
Repository Posting Date2019-04-10T20:09:14Z
Author(s)Cavendish, Roberta Claire
Author DetailsRoberta Claire Cavendish, PhD, RN
Level of EvidenceGrounded Theory
Research ApproachQualitative Research
CINAHL HeadingsLife History Review -- Evaluation -- In Old Age; Memory -- Evaluation -- In Old Age; Life Experiences -- Evaluation -- In Old Age; Life History Review -- Evaluation; Memory -- Evaluation; Life Experiences -- Evaluation; Life History Review; Memory; Life Experiences
Human beings have the distinct capacity to reminisce. Reminiscence is a function of memory and memories are autobiographical. Studying memory expanded an understanding of the phenomenon. Although reminiscence occurs in all age groups, special significance has been attributed to its meaning in this population. This area has yet to be studied. Using a semi-structured interview technique, eight participants, six females and two males were asked to describe reminiscing. The data were analyzed using a qualitative methodology. The findings indicated that when reminiscences are narrated in a storytelling style of presentation, they provide a medium for examining the life trajectory. Narratives provided the essence of the participants' life story fabric and a link for the interrelatedness of the theoretical categories that emerged. In the theoretical category, Life-Story-Trajectory, the participants' life story styles of presentation were categorized into those of Affirmer, Negater and Despairer using Fallot's (1976) descriptions. The participants' reminiscences validated Fallot's styles. Personal attributes identified in reminiscences may add to his descriptions. The Affirmers had qualities congruent with the achievement of ego-integrity and adaption as indicated in their reminiscences. Based on the concept of the Novum described by Straus (1966), the theoretical category, Narratives of the-Novum emerged. Novum events of life-gain, life-loss and life-stage change were identified. How these novum events were resolved impacted on the reminiscences. Other conceptual categories derived from the data included a Leaving-of-Legacies which were the participants' meaningful contributions to future generations, including personal properties, values and a lifetime of memories, and A Making-of-Spiritual-Links including church connections, personal beliefs which comprised the inner resources for dealing with life episodes, and ministering missions which provided for a sense of connectedness. In reminiscence, the reflection is holographic. The self is seen as an entity of life experiences. Meaning is attached to the reminiscence based on how the past is assimilated. The findings support narrative as a tool for qualitative inquiry.
DescriptionThis dissertation has also been disseminated through the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. Dissertation/thesis number: 9405706; ProQuest document ID: 304113873. The author still retains copyright.
Degree GrantorAdelphi University
NotesThis item has not gone through this repository's peer-review process, but has been accepted by the indicated university or college in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the specified degree.
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