The Unborn One: The Human Experience of Miscarriage
Review TypeNone: Degree-based Submission
Review StatusNot Applicable (See Review Type)
Repository Posting Date2019-03-29T14:34:13Z
Author(s)Swanson, Kristen M.
Author DetailsDr. Kristen M. Swanson, RN, PhD, FAAN
Lead Author Sigma AffliationAlpha Sigma
Level of EvidencePhenomenology
Research ApproachQualitative Research
This dissertation's purpose was to describe the human experience of miscarriage and the caring needs of the women who miscarried. Using a qualitative (modified grounded theory) research design, a convenience sample of 20 women who had miscarried within 15 weeks prior to study entry were interviewed twice about their experience with early pregnancy loss and the associated caring needs. The taped interviews were open-ended and transcripts were analyzed qualitatively for recurrent themes/categories that would aid the description of the phenomena. The categories were evolved using a constant comparative method in which each informant was compared to all other informants; all informants were compare to each emerging category; and finally, all categories were compared to the study's underlying assumptions as well as the literature reviewed. The experience categories developed were: Coming to Know: the confusing painful process of balancing the mounting evidence of impending loss against hopes for a healthy pregnancy outcome; Losing and Gaining: the multiplicity of perceived losses and gains amongst the informants; Sharing the Loss: the amount of recognition and support the women received throughout their loss; Going Public: the process of letting others know about the loss and the price paid at miscarriage for having gone public with the pregnancy; Getting Through It: the grieving patterns of the informants; and Trying Again: the decisions made related to plans for future pregnancies and identifies the related ongoing fears of future loss. The five caring categories developed were: Knowing: the woman's desire to be understood for her personal experience; Being With: the woman's need to have others feel with her; Enabling: the need to have her grieving facilitated; Doing For: the need to have others do for her (i.e., physical care); and Maintaining Belief: the need to have others maintain belief in her capacity to get through the loss and to eventually give birth. The significance of this study for nursing is that it provides: a clear understanding of miscarriage in particular and perhaps human loss in general; information which is of potential use to the diagnosis and treatment of human responses to the actual and potential health problem of miscarriage; support for Watson's Theory of Caring; and a methodology that is compatible with the valuing of nursing as the science of human care.
DescriptionThis dissertation has also been disseminated through the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. Dissertation/thesis number: 8404456; ProQuest document ID: 303309313. The author still retains copyright.
Advisor(s)Watson, M. Jean
Degree GrantorUniversity of Colorado Health Sciences Center
NotesThis item has not gone through this repository's peer-review process, but has been accepted by the indicated university or college in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the specified degree.
In all cases this material has been filmed in the best possible way from the available copy. Problems encountered in this document: Indistinct, broken or small print on several pages.
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