College Student Risk Behavior: The Implications of Religiosity and Impulsivity
Mary A Cazzell, RN, PhD
- Sigma Affiliation
- Delta Theta
Visits vs Downloads
Visitors - World Map
Top Visiting Countries
Top Visiting Cities
Visits (last 6 months)
Downloads (last 6 months)
Popular Works for Cazzell, Mary A. by View
Popular Works for Cazzell, Mary A. by Download
The citations below are meant to be used as guidelines. Patrons must make any necessary corrections before using. Pay special attention to personal names, capitalization, and dates. Always consult appropriate citation style resources for the exact formatting and punctuation guidelines.
Item Link - Use this link for citations and online mentions.
College student risk-taking among 18 to 21 years olds includes smoking cigarettes, binge drinking, casual sex with multiple partners, automobile accidents due to risky driving or driving under the influence, and substance use. Among 10 to 24 year olds, 72% of all fatalities result from automobile accidents, unintended injuries, homicide, and suicide. Since not all college students participate in risk behaviors, protective factors such as religiosity may be a protective social or psychological buffer that supports positive relationships and moral order. Impulsivity, an inability to squelch inappropriate thoughts or actions, is associated with the later development (in the mid-twenties) of the prefrontal cortex. The purpose of the cross-sectional correlational study is to determine the strength of associations between public and private religiosity, impulsivity, age, gender, fraternity/sorority membership (Greek affiliation), and risk-taking propensity among college students, 18 to 20 years old, who live away from home. All study participants (n = 110; mean age = 18.9 years) completed two behavioral measures, Tower of Hanoi (TOH) and Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART) and four paper surveys (demographic information, Age Universal Religious Universal Orientation Scale-12, Eysenck Impulsivity Subscale, and College Student Risk Behavior Measure). Adequate reliability was obtained for BART, private religiosity subscale, and Eysenck Impulsivity Subscale. Results showed high mean private religiosity scores, low mean impulsivity scores, low average balloon inflations on BART, and two risk behaviors over the past 30 days. Only six sorority members participated in the study. Regression analysis explained that age, gender, private religiosity, and impulsivity accounted for only 4% of the variance in risk-taking propensity. The findings advocate for a broader investigation of the multi-dimensional influences that impact college student risk behavior. Lower impulsivity and BART scores suggest a link between environmental challenge, late adolescent neurobiology, and cognitive variables. BART proved to be an interactive educational strategy on inclination to take risks. Implications for nursing practice, education, and research describe links between adolescent neurodevelopment, reward-seeking or motivation, individually-planned prevention programs, as well as teaching and recruitment strategies.
This dissertation has also been disseminated through the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. Dissertation/thesis number: 3391108; ProQuest document ID: 305177175. The author still retains copyright.
Repository Posting Date
This item has not gone through this repository's peer-review process, but has been accepted by the indicated university or college in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the specified degree.
|Review Type||None: Degree-based Submission|
|Evidence Level||Quasi-Experimental Study, Other|
|Research Approach||Quantitative Research|
Religion and Religions;
Risk Taking Behavior;
All rights reserved by the author(s) and/or publisher(s) listed in this item record unless relinquished in whole or part by a rights notation or a Creative Commons License present in this item record.
All permission requests should be directed accordingly and not to the Sigma Repository.
All submitting authors or publishers have affirmed that when using material in their work where they do not own copyright, they have obtained permission of the copyright holder prior to submission and the rights holder has been acknowledged as necessary.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subjects.
Nurse religiosity and the provision of spiritual care Mamier, Iris; Gober, Carla; Schoonover-Shoffner, Kathy; Taylor, Elizabeth Johnston (2016-03-21)Session presented on Monday, November 9, 2015 and Tuesday, November 10, 2015: Background: Many nurses are religious. Indeed, religious motivations often prompt individuals to be nurses. Likewise, religious beliefs provide ...
Hookah smoking among college students: Factors associated with a trendy risk behavior Norris, Susan M. (2016-07-13)Session presented on Thursday, July 21, 2016 and Friday, July 22, 2016: Purpose: The purpose of this research was to investigate hookah smoking behaviors and beliefs among college students. More specifically, the study ...
Psychosocial factors and prevention of HIV/AIDS related risky sexual behaviors among college students Lee, Yi-Hui; Salman, AliAims: The purpose of this study was to investigate HIV/AIDS preventive self-efficacy, depression, spiritual well-being, and risky sexual behaviors among college students in the United States, to examine the relationships ...
A measurement of spirituality Bennington, Linda K. (2016-07-13)Session presented on Sunday, July 24, 2016: Purpose: To develop an instrument that measures one's unified nature (spirituality) as separate from a set of dogmatic beliefs (religion). Methods: Empirical referents are ...
The role of religion and spirituality in parent decision-making for critically ill young children Kurtz, Melissa J.; Nolan, Marie T.; Hamilton, Jill B. (2017-07-27)Religion/spirituality are major cultural factors that shape health care decision making. This presentation will systematically review the literature describing the role of religion and/or spirituality in critical care ...