The Use of Guided Imagery to Enhance Power for Smoking Behavior Change
Review TypeNone: Degree-based Submission
Review StatusNot Applicable (See Review Type)
Repository Posting Date2019-03-11T19:45:51Z
Author(s)Wynd, Christine A.
Author DetailsChristine A. Wynd, PhD, RN
Level of EvidenceQuasi-Experimental Study, Other
Research ApproachQuantitative Research
Cigarette smoking is known to be a risk factor in several fatal disease syndromes. Despite increasing knowledge of the danger, thirty-one percent of all Americans continue to smoke (Thornberry et al., 1986). Individual responsibility for behavioral change is indicated for successful, long-term smoking abstinence. However, there is need for continued systematic study of interventions which assist clients in their pursuit of healthier lifestyle change. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of guided imagery for enhancing client power relevant to smoking behavior change. A sample of eighty-four adult smokers was selected from volunteers in the community. Subjects participated in one of three treatment conditions including (a) guided power imagery, (b) relaxation imagery, and (c) no-treatment control. The treatment and observation phases lasted for a total of ten weeks with treatment group subjects attending a seven session stop-smoking program. A quasi-experimental, longitudinal, pre- and posttreatment design with repeated-measures components was used to investigate differences among the study groups over time. Barrett's Power as Knowing Participation in Change Test (1983) was used to measure the power variable. A self-report of smoking behavior plus a biochemical measure of saliva thiocyanate levels determined smoking behavior change. Data were analyzed through multivariate, univariate, and repeated-measures analysis of variance. Findings revealed significant differences among the three groups at posttreatment on scores for the dependent variables, $F$ (8,158) = 13.92, $p$ $<$.05. The two imagery treatments had a significant effect on enhancement of power scores and reduction of smoking rates when compared with the control group receiving no treatment. A repeated-measures multivariate analysis of variance was performed on data collected from the two treatment groups at several time points. The combined effects of treatments and trials produced significant changes in the dependent variables, $F$ (2,127) = 24.67, $p$ $<$.05. Results demonstrated that guided power imagery was more effective than relaxation imagery for increasing power scores, however, both imagery treatments were equally effective in reducing smoking rates and enhancing smoking behavior change.
DescriptionThis dissertation has also been disseminated through the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. Dissertation/thesis number: 9002682; ProQuest document ID: 303763108. The author still retains copyright.
Advisor(s)Segall, Mary E.
Degree GrantorCase Western Reserve University
NotesThis item has not gone through this repository's peer-review process, but has been accepted by the indicated university or college in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the specified degree.
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