The Experience of Post-craniotomy Pain Among Persons with Brain Tumors
Review TypeNone: Degree-based Submission
Review StatusNot Applicable (See Review Type)
Repository Posting Date2019-03-01T21:10:39Z
Author(s)Foust Winton, Rebecca
Author DetailsRebecca Elizabeth Foust Winton, PhD(C), RN, CCRN
Lead Author Sigma AffliationNon-member
Level of EvidenceOther
Research ApproachQualitative Research
Post-craniotomy brain tumor patients often experience pain in the post-surgical period which can negatively affect recovery and surgical outcomes. Research with this population has focused on pharmacological treatments of post-craniotomy pain and measurement of pain intensity. Little is known about how these patients experience the quality of their pain and how this pain is managed. The purpose of this dissertation was to provide an in-depth description of the experience of post-craniotomy pain during the post-surgical period. The information gained about how post-craniotomy patients experience pain and pain management will contribute the development of effective, tailored interventions to enhance patient satisfaction and outcomes. This dissertation project was composed of two components. The first component was an integrative review of literature examining the evidence of pain and associated symptoms in adult (aged 21 and older), post-craniotomy brain tumor patients. The review examined studies from the past fourteen years that focused on the incidence and treatment of postcraniotomy pain. It revealed that the majority of post-craniotomy patients experience moderate to severe pain after surgery. This pain is associated with nausea, vomiting, changes in blood pressure, and increased length of hospital stay. The second component was a qualitative descriptive study of a sample of 28 adult (aged 21 and older) post-craniotomy patients hospitalized on an inpatient neurosurgical stepdown unit at a Midwestern urban teaching hospital. During semi-structured interviews, participants described their experiences of post-craniotomy pain and of their experiences of postcraniotomy pain management. Data generated from the qualitative descriptive study were analyzed and resulted in two qualitatively derived products. The first was a description of participants’ experiences of the quality of their post-craniotomy pain during the post-surgical period. The six types of pain quality described were pain as pressure, pain as tender or sore, pain as stabbing, pain as throbbing, pain as jarring, and pain as itching. The second was a description of how post-craniotomy patients experience the management of their pain during the post-surgical period. The four groups of types of pain management experiences described were pain-as-non-salient, routine pain management; pain-as-non-salient, complex pain management; pain-as-salient, routine pain management; and pain-as-salient, complex pain management.
DescriptionThis dissertation has also been disseminated through IUPUI ScholarWorks Repository, doi: https://doi.org/10.7912/C2RH26. The author still retains copyright.
Advisor(s)Von Ah, Diane M.
Degree GrantorIndiana University
NotesThis item has not gone through this repository's peer-review process, but has been accepted by the indicated university or college in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the specified degree.
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