Exploring risk behaviors in Ugandan adolescents living in rural fishing communities
Review TypeNone: Sigma Grant Recipient Report
Review StatusNot Applicable (See Review Type)
Repository Posting Date2019-02-25T21:27:11Z
Author DetailsSaftner PhD, CNM, RN, FACNM, University of Minnesota School of Nursing; McMorris PhD, University of Minnesota School of Nursing; Ngabirano Makerere, University Department of Health Sciences
Lead Author Sigma AffliationZeta
Lead Author AffliationUniversity of Minnesota
Level of EvidenceCross-Sectional
Research ApproachQuantitative Research
CINAHL HeadingsHIV Infections -- Risk Factors -- Uganda; Health Behavior -- In Adolescence -- Uganda; Disease Transmission; Risk Taking Behavior; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; HIV Infections -- Risk Factors; Health Behavior -- In Adolescence; HIV Infections; Health Behavior; World Health
The purpose of this study is to explore risk behaviors in adolescents living in four Ugandan fishing communities/villages as a foundation for developing future interventions and programs to reduce risk behaviors and HIV/AIDs transmission. Jessor’s (1987, 1991) Problem Behavior Theory (PBT) and Bronfenbrenner’s (1977) ecological model guide this study. Data collection occurred in four villages located within Queen Elizabeth National Park with shorelines on Lake Edward or Lake George. The Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) is an annual survey by the Centers for Disease Control. The YRBS was developed in 1990 to better understand health and risk behaviors in adolescents (CDC, 2016) For this project, the YRBS was modified by the study team to reflect the common risk behaviors in fishing communities. Results: a) substance use is limited to primarily alcohol; b) forced sexual contact is prevalent, particularly among young women; c) condom use is not consistent; d) HIV is prevalent in the community as most reported a family member with HIV; and e) HIV transmission knowledge is lacking. These preliminary findings support the need for additional research and intervention.
NotesThe Sigma Theta Tau International grant application that funded this research, in whole or in part, was completed by the applicant and peer-reviewed prior to the award of the STTI grant. No further peer-review has taken place upon the completion of the STTI grant final report and its appearance in this repository.
Dr. Saftner is the recipient of one of the 2016-2017 Sigma Theta Tau International Small Grant awards.
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